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Beasts for Culture

Roy F. Baumeister

in The Cultural Animal: Human Nature, Meaning, and Social Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195167030
eISBN:
9780199894147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167030.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book seeks to give a comprehensive overview of human psychological functioning — desire, thought, emotion, action, and interactions — as well as how these facets affect each other. In order to ... More


Epilogue

Roy F. Baumeister

in The Cultural Animal: Human Nature, Meaning, and Social Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195167030
eISBN:
9780199894147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167030.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. It argues that culture is a strategy, in the sense that culture appeared because it served the biological goals of survival and ... More


Kindness and Cruelty in Evolution

Elliott Sober

in Visions of Compassion: Western Scientists and Tibetan Buddhists Examine Human Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130430
eISBN:
9780199847327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130430.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human nature is intriguing in such that it can express both negative and positive emotions, as in kindness and cruelty. The question is whether both are a natural part of our nature as human beings, ... More


Toward a Conceptualization of Interpersonal Rejection

Mark R. Leary

in Interpersonal Rejection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130157
eISBN:
9780199847761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Non-acceptance can be perceived as inadequate relationship value towards an individual. By nature, human beings try to find a sense of belongingness and fear any form of denunciation. This chapter ... More


The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Richard Byrne

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

‘Intelligence’ has long been considered to be a feature unique to human beings, giving us the capacity to imagine, to think, to deceive, to make complex connections between cause and effect, to ... More


Action Science Emerging: Introduction and Leitmotifs

Arvid Herwig, Miriam Beisert, and Wolfgang Prinz

in Action Science: Foundations of an Emerging Discipline

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018555
eISBN:
9780262312974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018555.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter introduces readers to the concept of action and discusses its role in the lives of human beings. It states that every single human activity is driven by action and that it will be ... More


Playing and Being: Imagination in the Life Course

Pernille Hviid and Jakob W. Villadsen

in Handbook of Imagination and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190468712
eISBN:
9780190698843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190468712.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, we investigate imagination in children’s pretend play in a cultural life course perspective. This perspective underlines the relation between play and the cultivated and personalized ... More


Action in Infancy: A Foundation for Cognitive Development

Claes von Hofsten

in Action Science: Foundations of an Emerging Discipline

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262018555
eISBN:
9780262312974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018555.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on examining early stages of action and finds that actions are an extension of cognitive functions and associated developments. Actions play a key role in every sphere of ... More


Conditional Reasoning: The Unruly Syntactics, Semantics, Thematics, and Pragmatics of "If"

Raymond Nickerson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190202996
eISBN:
9780190249137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202996.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Conditional reasoning is reasoning that involves statements of the sort If A (Antecedent) then C (Consequent). This type of reasoning is ubiquitous; everyone engages in it. Indeed, the ability to do ... More


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