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Climate change

Thomas E. Lovejoy

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Thomas E. Lovejoy reports on the documented impacts of climate change on biotas. Massive releases of greenhouse gasses by humans have altered the climate. Rapid global warming is ... More


Global Climate Change

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Wetlands are capable of sequestering a significant amount of the world’s carbon and thus plays an important role in mitigating climate change. However, they can also be a major source of greenhouse ... More


Introduction

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter introduces the field of microbial ecology and some terms used in the rest of the book. Microbial ecology, which is the study of microbes in natural environments, is important for several ... More


Introduction

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The goal of this chapter is to introduce the field of microbial ecology and some terms used in the rest of the book. Microbial ecology, which is the study of microbes in natural environments, is ... More


Farming for the future: Optimizing farming systems for society and the environment

Hanna L. Tuomisto, Ian D. Hodge, Philip Riordan, and David W. Macdonald

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 1: Managing for nature on lowland farms

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745488
eISBN:
9780191807558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745488.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter compares environmental impacts of organic, conventional, and integrated farming systems. The first part present results of a meta-analysis comparing environmental impacts of organic and ... More


Climate Change and Soil Biotic Carbon Cycling

Nicholas J. Ostle and Susan E. Ward

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the effects of climate change on soil processes crucial to the plant-soil-atmosphere carbon cycle, carbon storage, and the production and consumption of greenhouse gases (CO2, ... More


Terrestrial carbon sequestration and storage

Marc Conte, Erik Nelson, Karen Carney, Cinzia Fissore, Nasser Olwero, Andrew J. Plantinga, Bill Stanley, and Taylor Ricketts

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents a methodology for estimating carbon sequestration and storage (i.e., change in storage over time) on a landscape and the social value of the sequestration process. It presents ... More


The Impact of Nitrogen Enrichment on Ecosystems and Their Services

Peter Manning

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Nitrogen inputs into terrestrial ecosystems have more than doubled since pre-industrial times, causing significant disruption of aboveground and belowground communities, and the ecosystem services ... More


Provisioning and regulatory ecosystem service values in agriculture

Erik Nelson, Stanley Wood, Jawoo Koo, and Stephen Polasky

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter, which describes methods for creating maps of agricultural yield and annual net revenues using publically available data, shows how to derive the marginal production value of changes in ... More


Ecological Consequences of Present and Future Changes in Arctic Alaska

John E. Hobbie and George W. Kling

in Alaska's Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199860401
eISBN:
9780190267889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199860401.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter outlines evidence of direct and indirect changes in the ecology of Arctic Alaska caused by changes in the climate, and predicts ecological changes that could occur by the year 2100. It ... More


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