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Verifying or Falsifying? And What?

Massimiliano Di Ventra

in The Scientific Method: Reflections from a Practitioner

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825623
eISBN:
9780191864605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825623.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explains the concept of “falsifiability” of a theory as understood by practicing scientists: an observation not in agreement with a theory simply sets a new boundary for that theory. It ... More


Hypothesis

Massimiliano Di Ventra

in The Scientific Method: Reflections from a Practitioner

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825623
eISBN:
9780191864605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825623.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter defines hypothesis as a statement, or set of statements, regarding observed phenomena. It also explains that hypotheses are not objective facts.


Theory

Massimiliano Di Ventra

in The Scientific Method: Reflections from a Practitioner

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825623
eISBN:
9780191864605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825623.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the role of a theory: to describe (preferably mathematically) observations and to make new predictions that are testable. Theories, as the hypotheses they build upon, are not ... More


Essentials of Econophysics Modelling

Frantisek Slanina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199299683
eISBN:
9780191747038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299683.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book covers a wide variety of approaches which are rooted in statistical physics and find their use in modelling economic and social phenomena. There is a bridge between the areas traditionally ... More


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