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The Metaphysics of Nonfactualism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The usual characterizations of nonfactualism are unsatisfactory. The problem partly comes from focusing on nonfactualism's special semantics instead of on the antirealist metaphysics that must ... More


The Inseparability of Science and Values 1

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues against the traditional assumption that science aims to present only facts, and that its findings are entirely independent of any social, political, or ethical values of the ... More


What is the Difference?

L. JONATHAN COHEN

in An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In order to answer whether cognition should be perceived as a passive process or an active process, it is first important to establish the difference between the concept of belief and the concept of ... More


The Complexity of Nature and the Cognitive Inexhaustibility of Things

Nicholas Rescher

in Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the cognitive inexhaustibility of things and the complexity of nature. It explains that the Law of Natural Complexity renders nature pervasively complex and inexhaustible in its ... More


The Charms and Consequences of Evolutionary Psychology

John Dupré

in Human Nature and the Limits of Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers, first, why the programme of evolutionary psychology appears to have such appeal, despite its epistemological weakness. Answers to this question include a commitment to an ill‐conceived ... More


Rational Choice Theory

John Dupré

in Human Nature and the Limits of Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Develops a critique of important aspects of rational‐choice theory, parallel in part to the critique of evolutionary psychology. Whereas rational choice informs some potentially useful models of ... More


Tractarian Nominalism: (for Wilfrid Sellars)

Brian Skyrms

in From Zeno to Arbitrage: Essays on Quantity, Coherence, and Induction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652808
eISBN:
9780191745829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652808.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This gives a reading of one of the main ideas of the Tractatus. The emphasis on facts deflates the importance both of ontology and of ideology. A given fact can be parsed in different ways. If we ... More


Supervenience

David Chalmers

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the controversial notion that the most fundamental facts about our universe are physical facts, and that all other facts are dependent on them. There exists a variety of ... More


Many Minds

Jeffrey Alan Barrett

in The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247431
eISBN:
9780191697661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247431.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter evaluates another way of interpreting Everett's branches as describing the states of different minds in which an observer's determinate experiences and beliefs are explained by the fact ... More


Achinstein and the Evidence for Evolution

Richard A. Richards

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Peter Achinstein began his Book of Evidence with the claim that standard philosophical theories of evidence are and ought to be ignored by scientists. He could have gone further: historians of ... More


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