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  • British and Irish Modern History x
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Civil Society in British History: Ideas, Identities, Institutions

Jose Harris (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260201
eISBN:
9780191717352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260201.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This book explores the many different strands in the language of civil society from the 16th to the 20th centuries. Through a series of case-studies it investigates the applicability of the term to a ... More


Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Sean O'Connell

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book examines credit in working class communities since 1880, focusing on forms of borrowing that were dependent on personal relationships and social networks. It provides an extended historical ... More


The rise of the Provident system: check trading

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter utilizes Provident Financial's archives to chart the history, scale, and scope of check trading. By the 1930s, Provident alone had one million customers. Checks (which were used in shops ... More


Retail capitalism in the parlour: mail order catalogues

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explains how catalogue retailers successfully expropriated working class social networks. Mail order evolved from an experiment with draw clubs to a billion pound credit base industry. ... More


Formal and informal co‐operative credit

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter first examines co-operative retailers. Co-operative ideologues viewed credit as unthrifty, putting a brake on its provision. However, mutuality clubs (which resembled check trading) ... More


Renewed hope for mutuality: credit unions

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter charts the history of credit unions and their arrival in Britain during the 1960s. Initially championed as equitable alternatives to moneylenders and vehicles through which to renew ... More


‘Doubly invisible’: Being Northern Irish in Britain

Johanne Devlin Trew

in Leaving the North: Migration and Memory, Northern Ireland 19212011

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781846319402
eISBN:
9781781380987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846319402.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

As the major destination for Irish migrants, North and South, during the twentieth century and into the twenty–first, Britain continues to play an important and fascinating part in the history of ... More


The Moment of Transition: State Officials, the Federal Government, and the Formation of American Immigration Policy

Hidetaka Hirota

in Expelling the Poor: Atlantic Seaboard States and the Nineteenth-Century Origins of American Immigration Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190619213
eISBN:
9780190619244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619213.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter traces how state immigration laws developed into national policy. When the Supreme Court declared states’ exclusion policies unconstitutional in 1876, New York and Massachusetts ... More


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