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Torture and the Balance of Evils

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

If (as the last chapter argues) criminal legislation should prima facie aim at prohibiting all and only moral wrongdoing, then the actual reach of the criminal law will depend on the nature of moral ... More


Justification

Alan Brudner

in Punishment and Freedom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199207251
eISBN:
9780191705502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207251.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter argues that it is impossible to generalize about the nature and rationale of legal justifications because justifications divide themselves into two categories each of which is further ... More


Causation and the Permissibility of Consequentialist Justification within Agent-Relative Morality and the Law

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter combines a legal with a moral thesis. Morality is inseparable from law here because the open-ended legal provisions on necessity and balance of evils simply reference whatever morality ... More


The Purgative Rationale for Capital Punishment

Matthew H. Kramer

in The Ethics of Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Investigation of Evil and its Consequences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199642182
eISBN:
9780191732188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642182.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This pivotal chapter makes the positive case for the institution of capital punishment, after the preceding chapters have rejected all the standardly propounded rationales for that institution. The ... More


Introduction

John Finnis

in Religion and Public Reasons: Collected Essays Volume V

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580095
eISBN:
9780191729416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580095.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This introductory chapter reflects on Francis Bacon's discussion of the causes and (im)plausibility of atheism; on Cicero's assessment of Roman religion; on the history of the phrase ‘public reason’; ... More


Moral Absolutes in Aristotle and Aquinas

John Finnis

in Reason in Action: Collected Essays Volume I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580057
eISBN:
9780191729379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580057.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter gives a brief but fundamental discussion of the common thesis (here studied as expounded by Leo Strauss and W. F. R. Hardie) that Aristotle did not acknowledge exceptionless negative ... More


Commensuration and Public Reason

John Finnis

in Reason in Action: Collected Essays Volume I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580057
eISBN:
9780191729379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580057.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

‘Measure’ is highly analogous, and some assertions about incommensurability are unwarranted. Relativist, Kantian, and intuitionist objections to utilitarianism's claims about commensurability are ... More


Effectiveness, Validity, Positivity

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0034
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

In the case of a legal order, the wish in question is that of avoiding the evil—punishment or execution of judgment—decreed in the primary norm for the violation of the secondary norm. Thus the ... More


Justifications for retrospective law

Charles Sampford

in RETROSPECTIVITY AND THE RULE OF LAW

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252986
eISBN:
9780191681394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252986.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Two apparent things have emerged in the course of discussing retrospective law making, including the idea that this kind of legislation is widely acceptable and implemented and that, it is a ... More


The Irony of Law

Timothy Endicott

in Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199675500
eISBN:
9780191757228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675500.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

John Finnis says that central cases of the concepts of social theory fully instantiate values that are instantiated in more-or-less watered-down ways in peripheral cases. This chapter argues that the ... More


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