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Conservatism in a Simple Probability Inference Task

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents three experiments that explore several factors that affect conservatism. Experiment I examined the effects of prior probabilities, amount of data, and the diagnostic impact of ... More


Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

John T. Jost, Aaron C. Kay, and Hulda Thorisdottir (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This volume both reflects and exemplifies the recent resurgence of interest in the social and psychological characteristics and processes that give rise to ideological forms. Ideology is an elusive, ... More


Procedural Justice and System-Justifying Motivations

Irina Feygina and Tom R. Tyler

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Findings from system justification theory suggest that procedural justice information processing may be subject to motivational influences, and therefore may not always be accurate. In particular, ... More


Ideology of the Good Old Days: Exaggerated Perceptions of Moral Decline and Conservative Politics

Richard P. Eibach and Lisa K. Libby

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Beliefs in social and moral decline are widespread, and people sometimes perceive decline when conditions are actually improving. The original research presented here seeks to explain such illusory ... More


The Politics of Intergroup Attitudes

Brian Nosek, Mahzarin R. Banaji, and John T. Jost

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Ideologies that underlie concepts of ethnocentrism, authoritarianism, system justification, social dominance, and morality shape minds in sufficiently deep ways to bring about (a) congruence between ... More


The Stories We Keep

Qi Wang

in The Autobiographical Self in Time and Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199737833
eISBN:
9780199345014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737833.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter continues to examine the cultural origins of the autobiographical self as revealed in everyday memories. It argues that working self-goals monitor the processing of personal event ... More


Symbol Shapes

Rebecca Treiman and Brett Kessler

in How Children Learn to Write Words

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199907977
eISBN:
9780190228422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199907977.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In some writing systems, such as Korean, the shape of a letter provides a clue to its linguistic function. Usually, though, the relationship between a symbol of writing and the linguistic units that ... More


Social Learning in Birds and its Role in Shaping a Foraging Niche*

Tore Slagsvold and Karen L. Wiebe

in Culture Evolves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199608966
eISBN:
9780191804656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199608966.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

We briefly review the literature on social learning in birds, concluding that strong evidence exists mainly for predator recognition, song, mate choice and foraging. The mechanism of local ... More


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