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Practical Consequences and Potential Interventions

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Assuming that the phenomena described in earlier chapters are accepted as robust and valid, two questions are often asked: (1) Why are there not greater consequences of these cognitive declines in ... More


Normal and Pathological Cognitive Aging in Late Adulthood

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on cognitive functioning in late adulthood. It discusses three related topics: dementia, the preclinical phase of dementia, and the risk factors for cognitive decline and ... More


Within-Person and Across-Time Comparisons

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

One of the important questions in the field of cognitive aging is what is responsible for the different age relations found in cross-sectional and longitudinal comparisons of cognitive functioning. ... More


Making Brain Paths to Agile Thinking, Part 1: Correlational and Longitudinal Evidence

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0061
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Our day-to-day environment is a crucial but not always sufficiently recognized sculptor of our brains and of our ability to use agile thinking. The things we see, hear, imagine, and plan each day, ... More


Conclusion: Future Directions for the New Science

Peter Politser

in Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review of the topics discussed in the preceding chapters. It then discusses the need to “remodel” ideas about the sources of choice and the lack of a systematic framework ... More


The Prefrontal Cortex: Executive and Cognitive Functions

A. C. Roberts, T. W. Robbins, and L. Weiskrantz (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524410
eISBN:
9780191689192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524410.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The role of the prefrontal cortex is one of the most topical and important areas of research in contemporary neuropsychology. This cortical region appears to be linked with executive processes ... More


Health, disease, and cognitive functioning in old age

Åke Wahlin

in New Frontiers in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525691
eISBN:
9780191689369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525691.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The accumulation of multiple chronic illnesses with advancing age is well established, and characterizes a significant proportion of the elderly population. This chapter discusses how this is ... More


Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Ellen Bialystok and Fergus I. M. Craik (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book creates a bridge across cognitive development and cognitive aging. Pairs of researchers study the rise and fall of specific cognitive functions, such as attention, executive functioning, ... More


What remains of modularity?

Mireille Besson and Daniele Schön

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter further comments on Chapter 27. It focuses on four main points. First, it attempts to clarify what genetics can tell us about the common or distinct origins of music and speech. Second, ... More


The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

George R. Mangun (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The ability to attend selectively to events in the world around us is a core cognitive function. It prevents distraction and enables humans and animals to dedicate perceptual, cognitive, and motor ... More


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