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Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Simona Ghetti and Patricia J. Bauer (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The ability to remember unique, personal events is at the core of what we consider to be “memory.” How does the vivid experience of reinstatement of our past emerge? What is the contribution of this ... More


Consciousness and Death: The Whole-Brain Formulation of Death

James L. Bernat

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter, Bernat explains and defends his well-known and popular definition of death. The chapter discusses the distinction between death of the components of an organism, such as the brain, ... More


Decoding Thoughts in Behaviorally Nonresponsive Patients

Adrian M. Owen and Lorina Naci

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes the recently developed methods by which neuroscientists can detect consciousness in severely brain-damaged patients. These methods involve the use of functional magnetic ... More


Minimally Conscious States and Pain: A Different Approach to Patient Ethics

Valerie Gray Hardcastle

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter, Hardcastle questions whether consciousness determines how much we should care about a living being. Instead of consciousness, Hardcastle focuses on pain and argues that consciousness ... More


Guardianship and the Injured Brain: Representation and the Rights of Patients and Families

Joseph J. Fins and Barbara Pohl

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The authors of this chapter address legal and policy issues surrounding guardianship of brain-damaged patients. Guardians assist patients in many ways and make many important decisions regarding ... More


Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Modern medicine enables us to keep many people alive after they have suffered severe brain damage and show no reliable outward signs of consciousness. Many such patients are misdiagnosed as being in ... More


What Is It Like To Be in a Disorder of Consciousness?

Caroline Schnakers

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explains and contrasts various scales that neurologists use to measure consciousness. These scales attempt to differentiate patients in a minimally conscious state from those in a ... More


The Geography of Unconsciousness: From Apparent Death to the Minimally Conscious State

Jeffrey P. Baker

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter recounts the broad medical and cultural history of ideas about unconsciousness and the minimally conscious state. It provides a useful background concerning the various issues and ... More


What Is Good for Them? Best Interests and Severe Disorders of Consciousness

Jennifer Hawkins

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Hawkins sees the moral debates surrounding brain-damaged patients as coming down to two questions: whether the patients suffer and whether they derive benefit from their lives. In Hawkins’ view, life ... More


Lay Attitudes to Withdrawal of Treatment in Disorders of Consciousness and Their Normative Significance

Jacob Gipson, Guy Kahane, and Julian Savulescu

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter first outlines a general framework for addressing ethical issues by applying Beauchamp and Childress’s principles of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. The authors then ... More


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