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Ethical dilemmas in neurodegenerative disease: respecting patients at the twilight of agency

Agnieszka Jaworska

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a case study that illustrates the interplay between ethical conceptual analysis and neuroscientific findings in the resolution of moral dilemmas that arise in Alzheimer's ... More


Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Judy Illes (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

We have new answers to how the brain works and tools which can now monitor and manipulate brain function. Rapid advances in neuroscience raise critical questions with which society must grapple. What ... More


Functional Neurosurgery and Deep Brain Stimulation

Matthis Synofzik

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery has become a powerful field in medicine and neuroscience. In particular, deep-brain stimulation (DBS) seems to be highly successful in ameliorating several ... More


Competence and Autonomy: The Cases of Driving, Voting, and Financial Independence

Jason Karlawish

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The goal of this chapter is to examine various issues at the intersection of ethics and measurement of competency. The chapter uses three distinct decisions as case studies: driving, voting, and ... More


Competence for Informed Consent for Treatment and Research

Scott Y. H. Kim

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Modern medical ethics and law place a very high value on individual autonomy. But the prevalence of decision-making incapacity-i.e., when a person lacks the capacity to exercise that autonomy-will ... More


Energy and metabolism

Ioannis A. Ieropoulos, Pablo Ledezma, Giacomo Scandroglio, Chris Melhuish, and John Greenman

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Energy resulting from metabolism is essential for any living system—from single-cell to multicellular organisms. This also applies to symbiotic robots (SymBots), which function utilizing the energy ... More


Technologies of the extended mind: Defining the issues

Peter B. Reiner and Saskia K. Nagel

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Living in the modern world entails substantial interaction with information technologies. The ways in which people interact with these devices—how they enter into daily practices—has become so ... More


Placebo beyond controls: The neuroscience and ethics of navigating a new understanding of placebo therapy

Karen S. Rommelfanger

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Placebo, as a negative control, has become a gold standard of research and clinical trials. “True” or significant effects must go beyond the placebo control, with the tacit understanding being that ... More


Ethical dilemmas in neurodegenerative disease: Respecting patients at the twilight of agency

Agnieszka Jaworska

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on dilemmas faced by caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients in cases in which current preferences of such patients come into conflict with the attitudes and values the person held ... More


Behavioral and brain-based research on free moral agency: Threatening or empowering?

Eric Racine and Veljko Dubljević

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The belief that people are free human beings is central to much explanation of human behavior as well as to a broad set of social practices such as law, ethics, and politics. Neuroscience has been ... More


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