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Fertility in Developing Countries

Mukesh Eswaran

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay discusses why fertility is high in many developing countries; why it declines with economic development; why the institution of child labor facilitates high fertility; and why high ... More


Justice, Capabilities, and Vulnerabilities

Onora O'Neill

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

O’Neill investigates the relationship between capability and vulnerability in forms of dependence and victimization, arguing that the satisfaction of preferences ought not to be taken as a normative ... More


Femininity, Equality, and Personhood

Roop Rekha Verma

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Verma argues that the Hindu traditions of India have been hostile to women's demands for equality and that a critical position should be sought from the Western Enlightenment and its ideas of rights ... More


Overlapping Identities: Caste and Gender

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The previous chapters suggest that identity matters in the real world, even in strongly market-oriented situations. What happens when there are overlapping identities? There are several contexts ... More


Structural Determinants and Economic Effects of Capital Controls in OECD Countries

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the OECD, the utilization of capital controls reached its lowest in more than fifty years and the European Community was getting ready to dismantle the remaining controls in 1990. While Japan and ... More


Black Markets, Openness, and Central-Bank Autonomy

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A country's financial markets are opened up to international forces by currency black markets. As such, the benefits of conventional policies are lowered and the costs are raised in trade ... More


Concepts and Measures of Agency *

Sabina Alkire

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Agency is inescapably plural in both concept and measurement. In Sen's account of agency, (i) agency is exercised with respect to goals the person values; (ii) agency includes effective power as well ... More


Navigation by Judgment: Why and When Top Down Management of Foreign Aid Doesn't Work

Dan Honig

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190672454
eISBN:
9780190672485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672454.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

When should foreign aid organizations empower actors on the front lines of delivery to rely on their judgment to guide aid interventions, and when should distant headquarters lead? Understanding how ... More


Corporate Managers: Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde?

Lawrence E. Mitchell

in Corporate Irresponsibility: America`s Newest Export

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090239
eISBN:
9780300137767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090239.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses examples of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde to analyze corporate irresponsibility. It argues that corporate misbehavior is not especially the fault of corporate managers, stockholders, ... More


Policies to Improve Knowledge Capital

Eric A. Hanushek and Ludger Woessmann

in The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262029179
eISBN:
9780262329170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029179.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Recent history clearly shows that improvements in knowledge capital are possible and within the reach of nations. But, a wide variety of specific policies have been implemented within various ... More


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