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Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies

Milla Rautio, Ian A.E. Bayly, John A.E. Gibson, and Marjut Nyman

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The biodiversity of zooplankton and zoobenthos decreases towards high latitudes, though the two poles have different species compositions despite environmental similarities in temperature, habitat ... More


Fish in high-latitude Arctic lakes

Michael Power, James D. Reist, and J. Brian Dempson

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

There is a limited freshwater fish fauna in the high Arctic, with Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) dominating in most aquatic systems. In the high Arctic, Arctic char are the only resident freshwater ... More


Stress, adaptation, and survival in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter deals with the effects of polar conditions on living systems in general, the ways in which microorganisms, plants, and animals are able to adapt to the stresses imposed, and how they ... More


Evolution of morphological defences

Frank Johansson and Dirk Johannes Mikolajewski

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Understanding the ecology and evolution of morphological defences in animals and plants may help us to understand and protect biodiversity. Several species of dragonfly larvae express lateral and ... More


Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Michael J. Angilletta Jr.

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.001.1
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Temperature pervasively impacts the phenotypes and distributions of organisms. These thermal effects generate strong selective pressures on behaviour, physiology, and life history when environmental ... More


Evolutionary processes in community ecology

Jacintha Ellers

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.00012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The disciplines of community ecology and evolutionary biology have fundamentally different perspectives, but share a common interest in the maintenance and effects of diversity. An emerging field of ... More


Ants as Mutualists

Joshua Ness, Kailen Mooney, and Lori Lach

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Ants are perhaps the most common and dominant animal mutualists in terrestrial environments. Ants have mutualistic interactions with ant‐loving plants, insects, fungi, and bacteria, with the ants ... More


Synthesis

Karl Ritz and Wim H. van der Putten

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter offers a synthesis of the discussions in Section 1. The chapters in this section demonstrate that the living constituents of soils are integral to the delivery of ecosystem services. The ... More


The Biology of Peatlands

Hakan Rydin and John K Jeglum

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Peatlands form intriguing landscape elements in large parts of the world and play important roles for biodiversity and for the atmospheric carbon balance. The Biology of Peatlands begins with an ... More


Floral Mimicry

Steven D. Johnson and Florian P. Schiestl

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198732693
eISBN:
9780191796975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732693.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Mimicry is a classic example of adaptation through natural selection. The traditional focus of mimicry research has been on defense in animals (protective mimicry), but there is now also a highly ... More


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