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Democracy and Its Institutions

André Béteille

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Democracy was inspired by the lofty ideals of the French Revolution: liberty, equality, and fraternity. These ideals led many countries to challenge the absolutist monarchies of the past. In Europe, ... More


The Institutions of Democracy

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the ideals of democracy and the actual operation of its institutions in India, focusing on those political institutions that began to emerge from the middle of the nineteenth ... More


Toward Banishment: The Transformation of Urban Social Control

Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert

in Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195395174
eISBN:
9780199943319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395174.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter shows how the social control practices that involve banishment emerge from key political and legal dynamics. It first suggests that banishment emerged as a response to the Supreme ... More


International Human Rights Law

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter focuses on the two sources of international law: custom and treaties. Customary international law is the term used to describe rules that are so widely accepted and so deeply held that ... More


The Common Thread: Diversion in Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring

in American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181166
eISBN:
9780199943302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Two justifications existed from the start for creating a juvenile court, referred to as the interventionist and diversionary justifications for a separate children's court. The diversionary ... More


Boundaries of Forest Land: The Godavarman Case and Beyond1

Shomona Khanna

in Democratizing Forest Governance in India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099123
eISBN:
9780199083077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099123.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter presents an insider’s view and detailed critique of the judicial process behind the Godavarman case. It suggests that the Godavarman judgment has further centralized forest management by ... More


The Appeal and Final Decision: May 1919 to October 1922

Nathaniel Grow

in Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines organized baseball's appeal following its loss in the Baltimore case as well as the Supreme Court's final decision, a period spanning May 1919 to October 1922. After Justice ... More


Racially Biased Policing: A Review of the Judicial and Legislative Literature

Delores Jones-Brown and Brian A. Maule

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides an overview of the fundamental constitutional rights that inform the study of race, ethnicity, and policing; the socio-legal background in which these rights are embedded; and ... More


Choice and Civil Rights: Forgetting History, Facing Consequences

Gary Orfield

in Educational Delusions?: Why Choice Can Deepen Inequality and How to Make Schools Fair

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520274730
eISBN:
9780520955103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274730.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter reconstructs the forgotten history of choice, which was originally adopted as a strategy for maintaining segregation and inequality and was rejected by the courts until civil rights ... More


Baseball on Trial: The Origin of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption

Nathaniel Grow

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038198
eISBN:
9780252095993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038198.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

The 1922 Federal Baseball Supreme Court ruling held that the “business of base ball” was not subject to the Sherman Antitrust Act because it did not constitute interstate commerce. This book explains ... More


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