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Six Reasons for Invoking Evolution in Decision Theory

Peter Hammerstein and Jeffrey R. Stevens

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

How do organisms make decisions? The study of games and decisions has long been guided by a philosophical discourse on concepts of rationality and their implications. This discourse has led to a ... More


Animal Thinking: An Introduction

Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since the advent of the cognitive revolution in the 1960s, animals have been viewed as goal-seeking agents that acquire, store, retrieve, and internally process information at many levels of ... More


Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Christoph Engel and Wolf Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Conscious control enables human decision makers to override routines, to exercise willpower, to find innovative solutions, to learn by instruction, to decide collectively, and to justify their ... More


The Neurobiology of Individual Decision Making, Dualism, and Legal Accountability

Paul W. Glimcher

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

There has been an increasing interest in neurobiological analyses of the causes of behavior among many practitioners of criminal law. In some institutional circles this has crystallized as an ... More


Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing

Roger Ratcliff and Gail McKoon

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Research for which the idea that many basic cognitive processes can be described as fast, parallel, and automatic is reviewed. Memory retrieval/decision processes have often been ignored in the ... More


Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Do animals have cognitive maps? Do they possess knowledge? Do they plan for the future? Do they understand that others have mental lives of their own? This volume provides a state-of-the-art ... More


The Role of Value Systems in Decision Making

Peter Dayan

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Values, rewards, and costs play a central role in economic, statistical, and psychological notions of decision making. They also have surprisingly direct neural realizations. This chapter discusses ... More


Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Peter Hammerstein and Jeffrey R. Stevens (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

How do we make decisions? Perhaps surprisingly, conventional decision theory does not attempt to answer this question. It tells us only which behavioral choices we ought to make if we follow certain ... More


Neurobiology of Decision Making: An Intentional Framework

Michael N. Shadlen, Roozbeh Kiani, Timothy D. Hanks, and Anne K. Churchland

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The aim of statistical decision theories is to understand how evidence, prior knowledge, and values lead an organism to commit to one of a number of alternatives. Two main statistical decision ... More


How Culture and Brain Mechanisms Interact in Decision Making

Merlin Donald

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Decision making is a very private thing, individualized and personal. Yet it has a cultural dimension. The human brain does not acquire language, symbolic skills, or any form of symbolic cognition ... More


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