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Six Reasons for Invoking Evolution in Decision Theory

Peter Hammerstein and Jeffrey R. Stevens

in Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018081
eISBN:
9780262306027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018081.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

How do organisms make decisions? The study of games and decisions has long been guided by a philosophical discourse on concepts of rationality and their implications. This discourse has led to a ... More


Animal Thinking: An Introduction

Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since the advent of the cognitive revolution in the 1960s, animals have been viewed as goal-seeking agents that acquire, store, retrieve, and internally process information at many levels of ... More


Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Christoph Engel and Wolf Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Conscious control enables human decision makers to override routines, to exercise willpower, to find innovative solutions, to learn by instruction, to decide collectively, and to justify their ... More


The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Heidi Keller and Kim A. Bard (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is generally acknowledged that attachment relationships are important for infants and young children, but there is little clarity on what exactly constitutes such a relationship. Does it occur ... More


Reporting of Research: Are We in for Better Health Care by 2020?

Holger Schünemann, Davina Ghersi, Julia Kreis, Gerd Antes, and Jean Bousquet

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Logical arguments support the view that complete, transparent, and objective reporting of research results avoids systematic error, misinformation, and unrealistic expectations. Evidence about ... More


The Neurobiology of Individual Decision Making, Dualism, and Legal Accountability

Paul W. Glimcher

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

There has been an increasing interest in neurobiological analyses of the causes of behavior among many practitioners of criminal law. In some institutional circles this has crystallized as an ... More


How Will Health Care Professionals and Patients Work Together in 2020?: A Manifesto for Change

Ralph Hertwig, Heather Buchan, David A. Davis, Wolfgang Gaissmaier, Martin Härter, Kai Kolpatzik, France Légaré, Norbert Schmacke, and Holger Wormer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This report calls for a change in health care, while acknowledging that health care systems are highly complex systems for which there is no simple solution. The starting premise is that one needs to ... More


Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing

Roger Ratcliff and Gail McKoon

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Research for which the idea that many basic cognitive processes can be described as fast, parallel, and automatic is reviewed. Memory retrieval/decision processes have often been ignored in the ... More


Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Do animals have cognitive maps? Do they possess knowledge? Do they plan for the future? Do they understand that others have mental lives of their own? This volume provides a state-of-the-art ... More


The Role of Value Systems in Decision Making

Peter Dayan

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Values, rewards, and costs play a central role in economic, statistical, and psychological notions of decision making. They also have surprisingly direct neural realizations. This chapter discusses ... More


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