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Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe

Shobita Parthasarathy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226437859
eISBN:
9780226437996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437996.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Comparing the last thirty years of controversy over biotechnology patents known as “life forms” (genetically modified plants, animals, human genes, stem cells) in the United States and Europe this ... More


Civic War & the Corruption of the Citizen

Peter Alexander Meyers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226522081
eISBN:
9780226522104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226522104.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book leads us through the social processes by which shock incites terror, terror invites war, war invokes emergency, and emergency supports unchecked power. It then reveals how the domestic ... More


Executing Freedom: The Cultural Life of Capital Punishment in the United States

Daniel LaChance

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226066691
eISBN:
9780226066721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226066721.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the latter half of the twentieth century, Americans imagined the death penalty in ways that reflected and reinforced broader shifts in the nation's cultural and political landscape. As the core ... More


A Fractured Politics of Human Nature

Jamie Cohen-Cole

in The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226092164
eISBN:
9780226092331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092331.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the decade between 1965 and 1975 open-mindedness moved from serving as an element of cultural cohesion to one that divided Americans one from another. This chapter examines how the cultural web ... More


Unity and Difference in Civic Life

in Talking about Race: Community Dialogues and the Politics of Difference

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226869063
eISBN:
9780226869087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226869087.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the work of Hannah Arendt, as in that of John Dewey and Jürgen Habermas, public talk is important for its very existence as well as for the decisions and actions that flow from it. Even though ... More


Theorizing from Within: Ibn Khaldun and the Understanding of Arab Political Culture

in Varieties of Muslim Experience: Encounters with Arab Political and Cultural Life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226726168
eISBN:
9780226726182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226726182.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

From the eighteenth century onward, Western scholars have characterized the Arab historian Ibn Khaldun as one of the truly great social theorists—a systematizer of deep historical trends, one of the ... More


Imaginaries of Science and Society: Framing Nanotechnology Governance in Germany and the United States

Regula Valérie Burri

in Dreamscapes of Modernity: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and the Fabrication of Power

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226276496
eISBN:
9780226276663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226276663.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter explores how the meanings and roles of science and its proper relations to society are imagined differently in Europe (Germany, in particular) and the United States. By analyzing major ... More


Introduction: Presenting and Representing Islam

in Varieties of Muslim Experience: Encounters with Arab Political and Cultural Life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226726168
eISBN:
9780226726182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226726182.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

Ethnocentrism is a dirty word. To approach another culture solely from the judgmental perspective of one's own is both unwise and immoral. However, one cannot throw context out the door and not ... More


Conclusion Islamic Expert Witnessing in Comparative Perspective

in The Expert Witness in Islamic Courts: Medicine and Crafts in the Service of Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749334
eISBN:
9780226749358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749358.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

A reliable determination of the facts is a major concern in all legal systems, including Islamic law. A judge, in trying to establish the facts of a case, may call in expert witnesses, who are valued ... More


Constructing Institutions in a Political Culture of Personalism

in The Culture of Islam: Changing Aspects of Contemporary Muslim Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226726137
eISBN:
9780226726144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226726144.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Islam, it is often noted, has no concept of the legal person. Having culturally fractionated the self, Western polities can more readily ask whether an arbitrary age or ritual passage marks one as ... More


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