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Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


Observing Selection: Charles Darwin and the Emergence of the Racial Sign

Irene Tucker

in The Moment of Racial Sight: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922935
eISBN:
9780226922959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922959.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Race, as was shown in the previous chapters, is constructed and organized on the model of the arbitrary relationship between signifier and signified. This chapter takes on a different task: to ... More


The Problem of the Poor

in Friends of the Unrighteous Mammon: Northern Christians and Market Capitalism, 1815-1860

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226137063
eISBN:
9780226137087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226137087.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Antebellum Christians had many reasons to be skeptical of the modernizing economy and the new so-called science that was meant to explain it. Some feared that political economy might have atheistic ... More


The Natural Origins of Economics

Margaret Schabas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226735696
eISBN:
9780226735719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735719.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

References to the economy are ubiquitous in modern life, and virtually every facet of human activity has capitulated to market mechanisms. In the early modern period, however, there was no common ... More


Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Its Moral Purpose

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin constructed his conception of natural selection over a long period of time, not in the very instant when he read Malthus. Most scholars assume that Darwin formulated his principle of natural ... More


Every Cheating Tradesman: The Political Economy of Natural Selection

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The records of Darwin's Beagle voyage reveal the connections he drew between natural, political and moral economies. He explicitly described his encounter with the natives of Tierra del Fuego in ... More


Liberals and Socialists: The Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Liberals and socialists variously accommodated their politics to evolutionary ideas. While historians have noted that liberals embraced social Darwinist ideas to advance either individualist ... More


Of Mice and Men: Malthus, Weismann, and the Future of Socialism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the ways British socialists interpreted evolution. As Fabianism and Marxism became more prominent, the Lamarkian and anti-Malthusian politics of men like William Morris and ... More


Fear of Falling: Evolutionary Degeneration and the Politics of Panmixia

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Political Descent closes with a consideration of the young socialist statistician, Karl Pearson. Pearson debated the extent to which Weismann's views had implications for socialist politics. In the ... More


An Island of Goats

Jonathan Sheehan and Dror Wahrman

in Invisible Hands: Self-Organization in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226752051
eISBN:
9780226233741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226233741.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The late-eighteenth-century geologist Joseph Townsend, writing about the English poor laws, derived from the self-organizing order in nature the conclusion that one cannot circumvent the ... More


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