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Code, Truth, or Ruse? The Vapors in the Republic of Letters

Sabine Arnaud

in On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226275543
eISBN:
9780226275680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226275680.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Men and women of letters used the description of vaporous fits to exemplify the relationship between body and mind irrespective of medical concerns. This chapter examines how the Republic of Letters ... More


Relating Fits and Creating Enigmas: The Role of Narrative

Sabine Arnaud

in On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226275543
eISBN:
9780226275680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226275680.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The fifth chapter examines the increasing role, from the 1750s, of literary and medical narratives in inscribing physiological disorders into a coherent progression. In novels by Lennox, Godwin, and ... More


Bernard Williams on Nietzsche on the Greeks

Robert B. Pippin

in Interanimations: Receiving Modern German Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226259659
eISBN:
9780226259796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226259796.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In his book Shame and Necessity, Bernard Williams makes common cause with Nietzsche in rejecting the view that the Greek epic and tragic poets had a “primitive” conception of human agency and ... More


Revenge of the Magicians

Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm

in The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226403229
eISBN:
9780226403533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226403533.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter takes as its starting point various figures—from Giordano Bruno to Isaac Newton—who have been blamed for the rise of instrumental reason and the disenchantment of nature, and it ... More


Introduction

in Playing the Fool: Subversive Laughter in Troubled Times

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226473154
eISBN:
9780226473178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473178.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Authors who wish to rouse certain of their readers while leaving the others to slumber on have a wide range of devices at their disposal, from irony and feigned madness to shocking frankness, ... More


French Vital Materialism

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The stimulus of French vital materialism was decisive in provoking key developments in German life-science. The paradigm shift associated with the ideas of Buffon, Maupertuis, Diderot and La Mettrie ... More


The Order and Organization of Life

Jonathan Sheehan and Dror Wahrman

in Invisible Hands: Self-Organization in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226752051
eISBN:
9780226233741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226233741.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The languages of self-organization sustained the eighteenth-century sciences of life. Using them, thinkers such as Buffon, Diderot, Blumenbach, Maupertuis, and la Mettrie grappled with fraught and ... More


Enlightenment and the Plague

Marie-Hélène Huet

in The Culture of Disaster

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226358215
eISBN:
9780226358239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226358239.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter shows how a culture can be defined by the challenges it meets and the mysteries it explains, but also by the enigmas it cannot solve and the fears it cannot allay. In this sense, the ... More


Rules of Regimen

E.C. Spary

in Eating the Enlightenment: Food and the Sciences in Paris, 1670-1760

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226768861
eISBN:
9780226768885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226768885.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the relations between appetite, reason, and health. The topic focuses on the experiences of philosophers and literate consumers. It demonstrates how various models of food, ... More


Coda: Instituting the French Enlightenment: Diderot and d'Alembert Encyclopédie

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Too many historians have recognized Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert's Encyclopédie as the defining text of the French Enlightenment. Just as many have argued that the project's initial ... More


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