## Numerical algorithms

*Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang*

### in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198506881
- eISBN:
- 9780191709258
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter surveys a variety of root-finding and hill-climbing algorithms that are useful for solving estimating equations or maximizing artificial likelihoods, starting with a basic technique ... More

## Mathematical Work of Nigel Hitchin

*Sir Michael Atiyah*

### in The Many Facets of Geometry: A Tribute to Nigel Hitchin

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- September 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199534920
- eISBN:
- 9780191716010
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534920.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter reviews selected topics covered in Nigel Hitchin's papers. These include his introduction of the spectral curve of a magnetic monopole, the introduction by Nigel of ‘Higgs bundles’ in ... More

## Respiration in aquatic ecosystems: history and background

*Peter J. le B. Williams and Paul A. del Giorgio*

### in Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198527084
- eISBN:
- 9780191713347
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527084.003.0001
- Subject:
- Biology, Aquatic Biology

This introductory chapter presents a general historical, biochemical, and ecological background to the topics covered in this book, and sets the following chapters in a broad context. The various ... More

## Theories, Sites, Toposes: Relating and studying mathematical theories through topos-theoretic 'bridges'

*Olivia Caramello*

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- March 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780198758914
- eISBN:
- 9780191818752
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198758914.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology, Pure Mathematics

This book is devoted to a general study of geometric theories from a topos-theoretic perspective. After recalling the necessary topos-theoretic preliminaries, it presents the main methodology it uses ... More

## Metabolic and Hormonal Predictors of Obesity

*Frank B. Hu*

### in Obesity Epidemiology

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195312911
- eISBN:
- 9780199865260
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0018
- Subject:
- Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiologic studies on metabolic and hormonal predictors of obesity. It focuses primarily on prospective cohort studies, first discussing metabolic predictors, including ... More

## Lead and the Roots of Environmental Controversies

*Moore Colleen F.*

### in Silent Scourge: Children, Pollution, and Why Scientists Disagree

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780195153910
- eISBN:
- 9780199846986
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153910.003.0002
- Subject:
- Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines the negative effects of lead exposure on children's development. Several studies have confirmed that lead exposure lowers children's intellectual quotient (IQ) test scores and ... More

## Etiology of the Stability of Reading Performance from 7 to 12 Years of Age and Its Possible Mediation by IQ

*Sally J. Wadsworth and John C. Defries*

### in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780195157475
- eISBN:
- 9780199848065
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0004
- Subject:
- Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In addition to common genetic factors on reading ability at different ages, other variables may mediate the stability of individual differences in ... More

## Dissociations in cognitive memory: the syndrome of developmental amnesia

*Faraneh Vargha-Khadem, David G. Gadian, and Mortimer Mishkin*

### in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

- Published in print:
- 2002
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780198508809
- eISBN:
- 9780191687396
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0009
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews some recent studies in which additional information has been gathered concerning the syndrome of DA. It first describes two group studies that address the questions of whether ... More

## Basic definitions

*Simon Donaldson*

### in Riemann Surfaces

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780198526391
- eISBN:
- 9780191774874
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526391.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology, Analysis

This chapter presents definitions of Riemann surfaces and holomorphic maps, and provides examples, including algebraic curves and quotients.

## Maps between Riemann surfaces

*Simon Donaldson*

### in Riemann Surfaces

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780198526391
- eISBN:
- 9780191774874
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526391.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology, Analysis

This chapter first presents two simple lemmas from complex analysis which serve as the foundation for the chapter. It then examines monodromy and the Riemann Existence Theorem covering the monodromy ... More