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Who Were the Neanderthals?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

How close were the Neanderthals to modern humans? Are Neanderthal genes in our gene pool? This chapter explores recent studies analyzing the DNA from Neanderthal fossils to provide a framework to ... More


Living Narratives

Christian Smith

in Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162028
eISBN:
9780199849673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162028.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The earliest humans huddled around fires to listen to shamans and elders telling imaginative stories by which they made sense of their world and their lives in it. They told myths about the world's ... More


Neanderthals and modern humans: similarities and differences

Francisco J. Ayala and Camilo J. Cela-Conde

in Processes in Human Evolution: The journey from early hominins to Neandertals and Modern Humans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198739906
eISBN:
9780191802836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739906.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter deals with the similarities and differences between Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens, by considering genetic, brain, and cognitive evidence. The genetic differentiation emerges ... More


Ethical Issues in BCI Research

Mary-Jane Schneider, Joseph J. Fins, and Jonathan R. Wolpaw

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the ethical issues raised by brain-computer interface (BCI) research in humans. It is organized around the three principles set out in the Belmont Report of 1978, which is ... More


Herder and Schleiermacher as Unfamiliar Sources of Racism

Theodore Vial

in Modern Religion, Modern Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190212551
eISBN:
9780190212575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212551.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

We take for granted a theory of human nature that Charles Taylor has called “expressivism.” Expressivism shows how individuals are shaped by their communities (through language and culture) and how ... More


Evolution, Revolution or Saltation Scenario for the Emergence of Modern Cultures?

Francesco d’Errico and Christopher B. Stringer

in Culture Evolves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199608966
eISBN:
9780191804656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199608966.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Crucial questions in the debate on the origin of quintessential human behaviours are whether modern cognition and associated innovations are unique to our species and whether they emerged abruptly, ... More


Biological Theories of Race beyond the Millennium

Joseph L. Graves

in Reconsidering Race: Social Science Perspectives on Racial Categories in the Age of Genomics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190465285
eISBN:
9780190465315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465285.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides historical contextualization of the crisis faced by the social construction approach of race. It reveals that anatomically modern humans are a young species that spent the ... More


The Costs of Being a High-latitude Hominin

Eiluned Pearce, Andrew Shuttleworth, Matt Grove, and R.H. Layton

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0016
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the challenges that hominins occupying higher latitudes have had to deal with. More specifically, it analyses how hominins were able to maintain social networks over the larger ... More


Neanderthal Humanities

John Hawks

in Darwin's Bridge: Uniting the Humanities and Sciences

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190231217
eISBN:
9780190609061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190231217.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The problem of Neanderthal intentional markings is considered. This is a rich area of inquiry in archaeology, with more and more evidence of Neandertal “symbolic” behavior emerging every year. Some ... More


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