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 Webb's Journey to Islam

Umar F. Abd‐Allah

in A Muslim in Victorian America: The Life of Alexander Russell Webb

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187281
eISBN:
9780199784875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187288.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter chronicles Webb's conversion to Islam. It is shown that Webb's conversion was actually a series of conversions. First, he adopted materialism, which he rejected for Buddhism in search ... More


 Occult Chemistry, Instrumentation, and the Theosophical Science of Direct Perception

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses how the close relationship between Theosophical theories of matter and the new atomic science led Theosophists to launch a decades-long research program of “clairvoyant ... More


Modernity and the Discourse of Scientific Buddhism

David L. McMahan

in The Making of Buddhist Modernism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183276
eISBN:
9780199870882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183276.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter shows, with attention to the social, political, and polemical contexts of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the ways Buddhists and Buddhist sympathizers attempted to align Buddhism ... More


Preexistence in the Modern Age

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Some contemporary theologians have called for a return to Origen. Nicholas Berdyaev advocated the idea, but the Eastern Orthodox Church strenuously resists the idea, as does the Roman Catholic ... More


Medicine

Cathy Gutierrez

in Plato's Ghost: Spiritualism in the American Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388350
eISBN:
9780199866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388350.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Spiritualist writings about health and the body. For a movement that was otherworldly in its focus, Spiritualists were extremely interested in medicine and many, including ... More


Perennialism

Mark Sedgwick

in Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195152975
eISBN:
9780199835225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152972.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter goes back to the beginning. It covers Gu”non’s life from birth until 1908, and examines the nature and consequences of his involvement during the Belle Epoque with the Martinist Order ... More


The Theosophical Society

James A. Santucci

in Controversial New Religions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195156829
eISBN:
9780199784806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515682X.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This essay examines the history and development of the Theosophical Society and its offshoots. The Theosophical Society was founded in New York City in 1875 by sixteen individuals with shared ... More


Scientology, a “New Age” Religion?

Andreas Grünschloß

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The “Church of Scientology” has gradually surfaced as the most hotly debated movement during the second half of the twentieth century, and it continued to stimulate ongoing discussions up to the ... More


The Russian Esoteric Context

George M. Young

in The Russian Cosmists: The Esoteric Futurism of Nikolai Fedorov and His Followers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199892945
eISBN:
9780199950577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892945.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses elements from Russia’s esoteric tradition that reappear in new form in the writings of the Cosmists. Topics include the search for “Deep Wisdom” in medieval Russia; popular ... More


New Religions

Marta Trzebiatowska and Steve Bruce

in Why are Women more Religious than Men?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199608102
eISBN:
9780191744730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608102.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter is a brief review of the role played by women in a variety of eighteenth and nineteenth century new religions and in the post-1960s new religious movements. The first part discusses a ... More


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