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Nietzsche

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the normative beliefs of Friedrich Nietzsche. Although we nearly all believe in the double badness of suffering, that does not answer the Argument from Disagreement, since ... More


Ontology, Ethics, and Incomprehensibility: Alain Badiou

Gary Gutting

in Thinking the Impossible: French Philosophy Since 1960

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199227037
eISBN:
9780191809781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199227037.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Alain Badiou's application of the ontological style of philosophizing, which opposes Derrida and Marion's argument of philosophical ideas being incomprehensible, all while ... More


Asymmetries in Value

Thomas Hurka

in Drawing Morals: Essays in Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199743094
eISBN:
9780190267544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743094.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter holds that value pairs do not necessarily maintain symmetry, which does not hold true in many instances. Consider for example that pleasure and pain would presumably cancel each other ... More


Moral Strength: Virtue as a Duty to Oneself*

Robert B. Louden

in Kant’s Human Being: Essays on His Theory of Human Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199768714
eISBN:
9780190267599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199768714.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the Kantian definition of virtue, in contrast to the virtue ethics of other philosophers. Central to Kant’s virtue is moral character, as applied within human dimensions. Kant ... More


Proportionality in the Morality of War

Thomas Hurka

in Drawing Morals: Essays in Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199743094
eISBN:
9780190267544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743094.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the just war theory, or the proportionality of conditions that morally justifies certain acts during a war so long as these acts are not excessive. These proportionality ... More


Moral Epistemology, the Retributive Emotions, and the “Clumsy Moral Philosophy” of Jesus Christ

Jeffrie G. Murphy

in Punishment and the Moral Emotions: Essays in Law, Morality, and Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199764396
eISBN:
9780190267575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199764396.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter refutes Michael Moore's moral epistemology as the counter to what Nietzsche calls ressentiment—a word encompassing the base passions, such as malice, spite, and envy. Nietzsche argues ... More


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