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Where We Must Begin

Graham Ward

in How the Light Gets In: Ethical Life I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199297658
eISBN:
9780191791987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297658.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

This chapter explores theology as the deep dream for redemption and healing. Theology, it argues, must begin with the human condition as we understand and recognize it through and in our social and ... More


Doing Good and Doing Evil

Philip Pettit

in The Robust Demands of the Good: Ethics with Attachment, Virtue, and Respect

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198732600
eISBN:
9780191796821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732600.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If doing good often means acting out of beneficent dispositions, does doing evil often mean acting out of maleficent dispositions? No, it does not: it is only extreme, even demonic evil that requires ... More


Evil and Evidence

Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne, and Yoaav Isaacs

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Volume 7

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757702
eISBN:
9780191818448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757702.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The problem of evil is the most prominent argument against the existence of God. Skeptical theists contend that it is not a good argument. Their reasons for this contention vary widely, involving ... More


Radical Scepticism and ‘Private’ Language

Genia Schönbaumsfeld

in The Illusion of Doubt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198783947
eISBN:
9780191826597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783947.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows that if we accept the view that knowledge of the facts may never be possible, then we cannot immunize knowledge of the content of ‘appearances’ against radical sceptical doubt ... More


Changing One’s Heart

Cheshire Calhoun

in Moral Aims: Essays on the Importance of Getting It Right and Practicing Morality with Others

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199328796
eISBN:
9780190272104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328796.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Good reasons to forgive typically divorce act from agent so that there is nothing in the agent to be forgiven. Forgiving on the basis of good reasons that show the wrongdoer deserves forgiveness is ... More


Forbidding Evil

Mustapha Sheikh

in Ottoman Puritanism and its Discontents: Ahmad al-Rumi al-Aqhisari and the Qadizadelis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198790761
eISBN:
9780191833250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790761.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter constitutes a survey of the activist strand within al-Āqḥiṣārī’s writing, particularly the demand he placed on the Muslim faithful to actively engage in enjoining good and forbidding ... More


On the Crust

Robert Milder

in Hawthorne's Habitations: A Literary Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199917259
eISBN:
9780190252908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199917259.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter offers a reading of Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel The Marble Faun, with emphasis on the themes and symbols it conveys with regards to Rome. In particular, it examines two threshold symbols ... More


Gregory Nyssen: Theological Arguments against the Institution of Slavery

Ilaria L. E. Ramelli

in Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery: The Role of Philosophical Asceticism from Ancient Judaism to Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198777274
eISBN:
9780191823022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777274.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, History of Christianity

This chapter concentrates on Gregory Nyssen’s theological arguments against slavery and argues that he urged all masters to emancipate all their slaves. He described slave ownership as evil, and ... More


Compatibilism and the Free Will Defense

Michael Almeida

in Free Will and Classical Theism: The Significance of Freedom in Perfect Being Theology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190611200
eISBN:
9780190611224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611200.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

There’s a longstanding and widely endorsed argument that the free will defense is inconsistent with compatibilist views of free will. Indeed, Alvin Plantinga—the originator of the contemporary free ... More


Modal Panentheism

Yujin Nagasawa

in Alternative Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198722250
eISBN:
9780191789090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722250.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Modal panentheism consists primarily of the following two theses: (1) God is the totality of all possible worlds. (2) All possible worlds exist to the same extent that the actual world does. The aim ... More


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