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Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary science is critical for an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognized as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. Advances in the ... More


Different frameworks, similar outcomes: comparing Australia and New Zealand

Gaby Ramia, Simon Marginson, and Erlenawati Sawir

in Regulating international students' wellbeing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447310150
eISBN:
9781447310174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310150.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Having discussed the Australian and Zealand models of international student welfare regulation respectively in the two previous chapters, this chapter conducts a comparative analysis of the two ... More


Save the Males!

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Bringing about sweeping transformations in cultural gender roles and expectations, the feminist movement has also changed the backdrop of conventional ideas about gender. This cultural change now ... More


Artificial Tetraploidy

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter, which opens Part 2, explains the longstanding interest of plant biologists in the phenomenon of chromosome doubling and charts their earliest efforts to find a tool that would produce ... More


Evolution and the Eastern Question

Marwa Elshakry

in Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226001302
eISBN:
9780226001449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226001449.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Following Al-Muqtataf’s move to Cairo after the British occupation in 1882-83, this chapter examines how the journal focused increasingly on discussions of social evolutionary thought and on ... More


Materialism and Its Critics

Marwa Elshakry

in Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226001302
eISBN:
9780226001449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226001449.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines one of the earliest and most controversial Arab evolutionary materialists, Shibli Shumayil. A Syrian Protestant College graduate and close colleague of the Muqtataf group, ... More


Manufacturing Yogis: Swami Vivekananda as a Yoga Teacher

Dermot Killingley

in Gurus of Modern Yoga

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199938704
eISBN:
9780199345892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199938704.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Swami Vivekananda (1863–1902) was the first Indian to teach yoga in the West. This study examines his life and background and his participation in the 1893 Parliament of Religions, showing that ... More


Learning to Signal: Analysis of a Micro-level Reinforcement Model

Raffaele Argiento, Robin Pemantle, and Stanislav Volkov

in Social Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199652822
eISBN:
9780191779367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652822.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the following signaling game. Nature plays first from the set {1, 2}. Player 1 (the Sender) sees this and plays from the set {A, B}. Player 2 (the Receiver) sees only Player ... More


Introduction

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the concepts that are needed to demonstrate how evolutionary principles enable a more integrated understanding of human biology and medicine and thus provide new insights into ... More


Evolutionary Theory

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary science explains the huge diversity of present and past life forms. Heritable variation between particular characteristics (traits) of individuals causes differential reproductive ... More


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