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Maternal Effects in Mammals

Dario Maestripieri and Jill M. Mateo (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Evolutionary maternal effects occur whenever a mother's phenotypic traits directly affect her offspring's phenotype, independent of the offspring's genotype. Some of the phenotypic traits that result ... More


Evolution of Evolvability

Günter P. Wagner and Jeremy Draghi

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter offers an essay on the evolution of evolvability. It investigates the most frequently cited arguments against the possibility that the evolution of evolvability might be the result of ... More


Empirical Methodology

Michael Beenstock

in Heredity, Family, and Inequality: A Critique of Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016926
eISBN:
9780262301381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter discusses empirical methodology, focusing on attenuation bias induced by measurement error or data fluctuation and solutions to the biased and inconsistent empirical estimates of the ... More


Empirical Methodology

Michael Beenstock

in Heredity, Family, and Inequality: A Critique of Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016926
eISBN:
9780262301381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines issues relating to empirical methodology and hypothesis testing. Because data on parents, children, and siblings are observational, hypotheses testing has proved difficult. This ... More


Statistics

Michael Beenstock

in Heredity, Family, and Inequality: A Critique of Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016926
eISBN:
9780262301381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016926.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the use of statistics in assessing the relationship between phenotypes and genotypes. It proposes a simple data-generating process in which the phenotype of children depends on ... More


The quantitative genetics of senescence in wild animals

Anne Charmantier, Jon E. Brommer, and Daniel H. Nussey

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

There is now overwhelming empirical evidence for age-related declines in fitness-related traits, i.e. senescence, during adulthood in wild vertebrate populations, presumably underpinned by ... More


Cross-pollination of plants and animals: wild quantitative genetics and plant evolutionary genetics

John R. Stinchcombe

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

Evolutionary quantitative genetics, as applied to natural populations, sits at an interesting cross-road. Studies of long-lived, mobile animals have given us a first glimpse of the expression of ... More


Language and speciation

Wolfram Hinzen and Michelle Sheehan

in The Philosophy of Universal Grammar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199654833
eISBN:
9780191747977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654833.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapters 7 and 8 form a unity in concerning biological aspects of language. In Chapter 7, we look at variation in the linguistic genotype, and the shifts in our mental phenotypes that such variation ... More


Handbook of Cannabis

Roger Pertwee (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199662685
eISBN:
9780191787560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662685.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book provides a multifaceted account of cannabis, a plant that is used widely both recreationally and as a medicine, as it has been over many centuries. Thus, it presents a brief account of the ... More


Evolutionary Theory

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary science explains the huge diversity of present and past life forms. Heritable variation between particular characteristics (traits) of individuals causes differential reproductive ... More


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