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WHY GOD ALLOWS EVIL

Richard Swinburne

in Is There a God?

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

God may be expected to give humans significant responsibility for themselves and each other (including responsibility for forming their own characters). This involves allowing them to do significant ... More


End

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas asserts that ends specify human actions, and explains this point by comparing human actions with other realities. For example, he maintains that an end is comparable to a form in a natural ... More


Introduction

Simon Harrison

in Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter sets out the structure and method of this book. Will, evil, and predestination are all problems which have a history, and whose history is relevant to Augustine’s On Free Choice of the ... More


Satan

Adele Reinhartz

in Jesus of Hollywood

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195146967
eISBN:
9780199785469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146967.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Satan is a minor character in the Gospels, appearing only in the temptation stories, but lurking in the backward elsewhere in the narrative. The most important question about Satan in these films is ... More


Redemption as Deliverance from Evil

Gerald SJ O'Collins

in Jesus Our Redeemer: A Christian Approach to Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203130
eISBN:
9780191707742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203130.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores a theme repeatedly found in the biblical and liturgical sources and featuring centrally in modern theologies of liberation: redemption as deliverance. Reasons are given for the ... More


Virtue, Vice, and Value

Thomas Hurka

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137163
eISBN:
9780199833283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137167.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What are virtue and vice, and how do they relate to other moral properties such as goodness and rightness? This book defends a perfectionist account of virtue and vice that gives distinctive answers ... More


The Global Argument Continued

Peter van Inwagen

in The Problem of Evil: The Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St Andrews in 2003

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199245604
eISBN:
9780191715310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245604.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter begins with an examination of three philosophical theses about free will, each of which would, if true, refute Theist's attempt to reply to the argument from evil by employing the ... More


 Moral Disagreement

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter challenges the view that every moral question has a unique correct answer. The sources of unresolvable moral disagreement are the following four differences: (1) in the rankings of the ... More


Values

Ermanno Bencivenga

in Ethics Vindicated: Kant's Transcendental Legitimation of Moral Discourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307351
eISBN:
9780199867851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307351.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

That an act is unqualifiedly good means that it is rational: moral values are reason's commentary on facts. The only free acts are the good, rational ones; when one behaves irrationally, one is no ... More


Wickedness and Vices

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter rejects the notion of absolute evil and argues that even Satanic wickedness cannot be understood as unqualified opposition to all goods. Badness of character is found in the way one ... More


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