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Conquest and Its Justifications: Jihad, Crusade,

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter is devoted to the development of the concepts of jihad, Crusade, and reconquista. It shows that, in both Christian and Muslim territories, ideologies of holy war were often used to ... More


Islamic Objections to Citizenship in Non-Muslim Liberal Democracies

Andrew F. March

in Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter presents the Islamic doctrinal opposition to liberal citizenship in three parts: the problem of migrating from (hijra) or residing in (iqama) a non-Muslim state; the problem of loyalty ... More


Loyalty to a Non-Muslim State

Andrew F. March

in Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines Islamic arguments for three basic principles of civic loyalty: that non-Muslim states may enjoy permanent recognition; that a Muslim citizen may forswear any violent activities ... More


Public Violence in Islamic Societies: Power, Discipline, and the Construction of the Public Sphere, 7th-19th Centuries CE

Christian Lange and Maribel Fierro

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748637317
eISBN:
9780748653164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637317.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This exploration of the role of violence in the history of Islamic societies considers the subject particularly in the context of its implementation as a political strategy to claim power over the ... More


(Re)making the Khalsa, 1708–1748

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

During the period of 1708–1748, Khalsa Sikhs participated in a series of rebellions against the Mughal state, the first of which was led by Banda Bahadur. Jat peasants, who joined the Khalsa in large ... More


Enraged Millennialism: Global Jihad (1400–1500 ah / 1979–2076 ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The chapter examines the role of apocalyptic in Islam. It begins with the mutation in Muslim apocalyptic literature at the approach of the year 2000, then goes back to Islamic origins as an ... More


Conclusion: Assessing Apocalyptic Threats in the New Millennium

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The conclusion contrasts the response in the West to the two most empirically based, contemporary, apocalyptic prophecies, namely anthropogenic global [climate] warming (AGW) and global jihad warming ... More


Intifada to the Rescue

Yezid Sayigh

in Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296430
eISBN:
9780191685224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296430.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

There had been numerous demonstrations and confrontations during the year 1987, the latest in response to the death of four members of the little-known Islamic Jihad. The occupied territories were ... More


Surrender and Capitulation in the Middle East in the Age of the Crusades

John France

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The great age of crusading in the Middle East, from 1095 to 1291, witnessed a collision between peoples inspired by rival religions, each of which had its own conception of Holy War. Crusading was ... More


. A Happy Man (continued)

Anne Marie Oliver and Paul F. Steinberg

in The Road to Martyrs' Square: A Journey into the World of the Suicide Bomber

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305593
eISBN:
9780199850815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305593.003.0043
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter continues the authors' conversation with 'Uthman, recollecting his memories about the missions and his devotion to Allah. In the end, 'Uthman said that he would not be able to ... More


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