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Genetic Aspects of Aggressions in Nonhuman Animals

Stephen C. Maxson and Andrew Canastar

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter explores several contextual issues for developing more fully a comparative genetics of aggression in animals. It begins by describing the types of aggression in animals. It then relates ... More


Androgen and Aggression

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses hormonal influences on human aggression. It argues that there is little, if any, evidence supporting contributions of circulating levels of androgens in adulthood to human ... More


Hormones and Parenting

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex differences in parenting. Animal models of parenting, sex differences in parenting in humans, and social and cultural influences on human parenting are discussed. Some ... More


Sex and the Human Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter describes what is known about the nature of differences in the brains of men and women, as well as their implications for human behaviors that show sex differences. Topics discussed ... More


Sexuality 101: The Basics

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter begins with a discussion of the four dimensions of human sexuality: firstly, the type of specific action patterns that are produced by the individual (performance) and the motivation ... More


Sexuality and Sexual Orientation: Learning or Biology?

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter reviews the various theories that have been advanced to explain homosexuality from an environmental perspective and shows why these theories, although they are still widespread, are not ... More


Biological Determinism of Sexual Orientation in Animals

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

Unlike other aspects of human sexuality that have no equivalent in the animal, sexual orientation can be easily studied in animals. The test animal can be offered a choice between a male or female ... More


Gender Differences in Humans

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter reviews the different physical, functional, and behavioral characteristics that have been shown to be sexually differentiated in humans. The magnitude of these differences is highly ... More


Regional Distribution of Aromatase in the Human Brain

Anat Biegon, Joanna Fowler, Sunny Kim, Jean Logan, Deborah Pareto, and Gene-Jack Wang

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Aromatase catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of estrogens in humans as well as in other species. The regional distribution and cellular and subcellular expression of human brain aromatase ... More


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