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The Risks from Exposure to Ionizing Radiation

Roger H. Clarke

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses human health risk resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation. Since the book is concerned with environmental risk assessment, which does not normally involve deterministic ... More


Responsible Conduct of Research

Adil E Shamoo and David B Resnik

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Recent scandals and controversies—such as the falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism of data in federally funded science; the manipulation and distortion of research sponsored by private ... More


Electron density fitting and structure validation

Mike Carson

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The Human Genome Project went three-dimensional in late 2000. ‘Structural genomics’ efforts will determine the structures of thousands of new proteins over the few years. These initiatives seek to ... More


The Use of Animals in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the use of animals in research. It provides a brief history of animal research and examines the ethical arguments for and against animal experimentation. The chapter discusses ... More


The Protection of Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the history of human experimentation, with special attention to cases that have helped to shape ethical guidelines and policies. It discusses important codes, such as the ... More


Protecting Vulnerable Human Subjects in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses ethical issues and policies relating to the protection of vulnerable subjects in research. It reviews the history of human experimentation with vulnerable human subjects such ... More


Genetics, Cloning, and Stem Cell Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to research on human genetics and embryonic stem cells. It covers such topics as genetic engineering of animals and ... More


International Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to international research with human subjects, with a special emphasis on research in the developing world. The chapter ... More


The Importance of NPs in Human Affairs

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter shows how human obsession for certain NPs (e.g. coffee, tea, spices, morphine, cocaine, hops, quinine, etc.) has influenced world history. If one looks at NPs as a group rather than each ... More


Anatomy, Physiology, and Systems Biology

Lawrence E. Hunter

in The Processes of Life: An Introduction to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013055
eISBN:
9780262255288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013055.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes human anatomy and physiology, focusing on the cardiovascular, immune, and nervous systems. These systems are particularly important to human health and convey some of the basic ... More


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