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Macachiavellian Intelligence: How Rhesus Macaques and Humans Have Conquered the World

Dario Maestripieri

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501178
eISBN:
9780226501215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501215.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Judged by population size and distribution, homo sapiens are clearly the most successful primates. A close second, however, would be rhesus macaques, who have adapted to—and thrived in—such diverse ... More


The Secret of Our Success

Dario Maestripieri

in Macachiavellian Intelligence: How Rhesus Macaques and Humans Have Conquered the World

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501178
eISBN:
9780226501215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501215.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Of the more than 300 primate species currently living on Earth, Homo sapiens has clearly been the most successful. This success of humans can be attributed to their large brains and sagacity. By the ... More


Maker of Landscapes: Creating Habitat for Plants, Animals, and People

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter explains how beavers create habitat for plants, people, and other animals. As “ecosystem engineers,” beavers affect their ecosystem by damming up water and removing trees. The stored ... More


“Nuisance Beavers” Claim Their Land

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines the impact of the so-called “nuisance beavers” on the landscape. It argues that “nuisance beaver” is a misnomer, since damage to crops, tree plantations, roads, water supplies, ... More


Human divers

Robert Elsner

in Diving Seals and Meditating Yogis: Strategic Metabolic Retreats

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226246710
eISBN:
9780226247045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226247045.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter discusses the breath-holding practices of human divers. Human breath-hold diving is widely practiced today as a popular recreational activity. It also persists as a regular occupation in ... More


Macachiavellian Origins of Love and Compassion

Dario Maestripieri

in Macachiavellian Intelligence: How Rhesus Macaques and Humans Have Conquered the World

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501178
eISBN:
9780226501215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501215.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Humans (Homo sapiens) and rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are both political animals. In both human and rhesus macaque societies, it is difficult to survive and be successful without the help of ... More


Differential Behavioral Ecology: The Structure, Life History, and Evolution of Primate Personality

Alexander Weiss and Mark J. Adams

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Nonhuman primates are ideal subjects for studies that link approaches from differential psychology and behavioral ecology. This chapter examines personality studies in nonhuman primates and ... More


Personalities in a Comparative Perspective: What Do Human Psychologists Glean from Animal Personality Studies?

Samuel D. Gosling and Pranjal H. Mehta

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter discusses the benefits of animal personality studies for understanding human personality. It first reviews animal personality studies across different species and then illustrates the ... More


Behavioral, Physiological, and Health Biases in Laboratory Rodents: A Basis for Understanding Mechanistic Links between Human Personality and Health

Sonia A. Cavigelli, Kerry C. Michael, and Christina M. Ragan

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter analyzes the behavioral biases seen among different laboratory rodent strains to determine whether these biases are associated with physiological and/or health biases, and the extent to ... More


Maternal Effects, Social Cognitive Development, and the Evolution of Human Intelligence

David F. Bjorklund, Jason Grotuss, and Adriana Csinady

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines maternal effects in human cognitive evolution. It discusses the changes in social intelligence and argues that the confluence of increased brain size, delayed maturation, and ... More


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