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Darwin’s Principle of Divergence: Why Fodor Was Almost Right

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin believed his principle of divergence as important as his principle of natural selection. Darwin asserted, however, that he came to recognize the principle only in the 1850s, long after he had ... More


H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Sander Gliboff

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The German translation of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species appeared in 1860, just months after the original, thanks to Heinrich Georg Bronn, a distinguished German paleontologist whose work ... More


Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Its Moral Purpose

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin constructed his conception of natural selection over a long period of time, not in the very instant when he read Malthus. Most scholars assume that Darwin formulated his principle of natural ... More


Darwin’s Origin

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0040
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin did not share all of Heinrich Georg Bronn’s concerns about the status of biology and paleontology as independent Wissenschaften. Unlike Bronn, Darwin was not interested in patterns in ... More


Darwin's Embryological Theory of Progressive Evolution

in The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226712024
eISBN:
9780226712055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712055.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the gradual, uniform development of Charles Darwin's embryological ideas and their role in his species theory. The principle of embryological and recapitulation model allowed ... More


Every Cheating Tradesman: The Political Economy of Natural Selection

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The records of Darwin's Beagle voyage reveal the connections he drew between natural, political and moral economies. He explicitly described his encounter with the natives of Tierra del Fuego in ... More


Malthus or Mutualism?: Huxley, Kropotkin, and the Moral Meaning of Darwinism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In ‘The Struggle for Existence’ (1888) Huxley portrayed nature as a Malthusian gladiators arena in which only the strong survived. While this was the context from which humans had evolved, mankind ... More


Introduction

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species in 1859 and sent complimentary copies to perhaps a dozen German scientists. One of those who received a copy was Heinrich Georg Bronn, ... More


Evolution and the idea of social Progress

Michael Ruse

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In evolutionary theory, the idea of organic evolution is linked to the social doctrine or ideology of progress. This chapter explores the relationship between evolution and the idea of social ... More


Ernst Haeckel as a Darwinian Reformer

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0061
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ernst Haeckel not only promoted, defended, and elaborated upon Charles Darwin’s theory, but also unified biology within a historical framework and developed a practical program of research into ... More


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