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  • Keywords: Origin of Species x
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Darwin’s Principle of Divergence: Why Fodor Was Almost Right

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin believed his principle of divergence as important as his principle of natural selection. Darwin asserted, however, that he came to recognize the principle only in the 1850s, long after he had ... More


Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Its Moral Purpose

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin constructed his conception of natural selection over a long period of time, not in the very instant when he read Malthus. Most scholars assume that Darwin formulated his principle of natural ... More


Darwin's Embryological Theory of Progressive Evolution

in The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226712024
eISBN:
9780226712055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712055.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the gradual, uniform development of Charles Darwin's embryological ideas and their role in his species theory. The principle of embryological and recapitulation model allowed ... More


Every Cheating Tradesman: The Political Economy of Natural Selection

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The records of Darwin's Beagle voyage reveal the connections he drew between natural, political and moral economies. He explicitly described his encounter with the natives of Tierra del Fuego in ... More


Malthus or Mutualism?: Huxley, Kropotkin, and the Moral Meaning of Darwinism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In ‘The Struggle for Existence’ (1888) Huxley portrayed nature as a Malthusian gladiators arena in which only the strong survived. While this was the context from which humans had evolved, mankind ... More


Evolution and the idea of social Progress

Michael Ruse

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In evolutionary theory, the idea of organic evolution is linked to the social doctrine or ideology of progress. This chapter explores the relationship between evolution and the idea of social ... More


From Man to Ape: Darwinism in Argentina, 1870-1920

Adriana Novoa and Alex Levine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226596167
eISBN:
9780226596181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226596181.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Upon its publication, On The Origin of Species was critically embraced in Europe and North America. But how did Charles Darwin's theories fare in other regions of the world? This book offers a ... More


Creationism, intelligent design, and modern biology

Ronald L. Numbers

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, published in 1859, was a revolutionary attempt “to overthrow the dogma of separate creations,” a declaration that provoked different reactions among the religious, ... More


Evolutionary Modifications

Gowan Dawson

in Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how, in the wake of Darwin’s Origin of Species and the fossil remains of so-called “missing links” like the Archaeopteryx that soon after came to light, Cuvierian correlation ... More


Biology in the service of natural theology: Paley, Darwin, and the Bridgewater Treatises

Jonathan R. Topham

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In his Natural Theology (1802), the eighteenth-century Anglican theologian William Paley compares a watch with objects in nature, arguing that “every manifestation of design, which existed in the ... More


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