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Logic and the Basis of Ethics

A. N. Prior

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This book discusses and aims to clarify the issue of describing conduct and character as ‘good’ or ‘bad’, or as ‘right’ or ‘wrong’. The book states that one of the main factors that have made this ... More


Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth‐Century Moral Philosophy

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter traces the development of one of the central debates of late 20th-century moral philosophy — the debate between realism and what Rawls called “constructivism.” It argues that realism is ... More


The Naturalistic Fallacy: The Logic of its Refutation

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses and explains what Professor G. E. Moore calls naturalistic fallacy, and what he considers to be involved in its fallaciousness. The chapter also gives reasons regarding Moore’s ... More


The Autonomy of Ethics: (i) Cudworth

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Ralph Cudworth, a 17th-century writer who anticipated Professor Moore’s opinion that ‘good is indefinable’. Although Cudworth had a bad argument for this opinion, he still had ... More


Railton’s Resolution of Our Disagreements

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume Three

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198778608
eISBN:
9780191853487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778608.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter resolves the disagreements which arose in the previous chapter. Metaphysical naturalists believe that there are no ontologically weighty non-natural normative properties and truths. But ... More


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