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Sport: A Biological, Philosophical, and Cultural Perspective

Jay Schulkin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176767
eISBN:
9780231541978
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176767.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sports are as varied as the people who play them. We run, jump, and swim. We kick, hit, and shoot balls. We ride sleds in the snow and surf in the sea. From the Olympians of ancient Greece to today’s ... More


The Concept of Sport

Jay Schulkin

in Sport: A Biological, Philosophical, and Cultural Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176767
eISBN:
9780231541978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176767.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Shows the context for understanding sport, breathing, given our capabilities and our cultural evolution; sport lies in the continuous fluidity between biology and culture.


Evolution, Play, and Sport

Jay Schulkin

in Sport: A Biological, Philosophical, and Cultural Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176767
eISBN:
9780231541978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176767.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sport as a practice and cognitive event is largely action-oriented: there is thought in action, even if it is not particularly conscious thought. Habits codified in the motor regions of the brain ... More


Running and the Brain: Neurogenesis

Jay Schulkin

in Sport: A Biological, Philosophical, and Cultural Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176767
eISBN:
9780231541978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176767.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Begins with some of the conditions that set the stage for the act of running, and then look at neurogenesis, brain expansion, and longer-term consequences of running within a context of specific ... More


Cells, Bodies, and Brains

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter describes evolution as a long-running algorithm that has designed all species on Earth. Evolution, a process discovered by Charles Darwin, has been working for more than four billion ... More


Institutional Contestation of Delegation in the EU Over Time

Gijs Jan Brandsma and Jens Blom-Hansen

in Controlling the EU Executive?: The Politics of Delegation in the European Union

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198767909
eISBN:
9780191821769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767909.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Chapter 3 begins the book’s empirical analysis. It focuses on the pre-Lisbon situation and investigates how delegation and control evolved from the early 1960s until the Lisbon Treaty came into ... More


Biology and Evolutionary Moral Psychology

Mark Fedyk

in The Social Turn in Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035569
eISBN:
9780262337151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035569.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that it is not possible to make meaningful progress in moral psychology by attempting to derive conclusions about moral cognition from premises describing patterns of human ... More


Islands of Discovery: Scientific Curiosity in the Works of Darwin, Huxley and Wells

Jennifer Fuller

in Dark Paradise: Pacific Islands in the Nineteenth-Century British Imagination

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474413848
eISBN:
9781474422093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413848.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Intrigued by the descriptions of hitherto unknown species, Victorian naturalists embarked on Pacific journeys to study new flora and fauna. The third chapter follows a young Charles Darwin and Thomas ... More


Introduction

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introduces the subject, laying out the organisation of the book and emphasising the importance of both simple underlying physical mechanisms and evolutionary variability to thermal ecology. It ... More


Temperature and reaction rate

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All other things being equal, physiological reaction rate increases roughly exponentially with temperature. Organisms that have adapted over evolutionary time to live at different temperatures can ... More


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