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Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras—one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video-surveillance systems are ... More


Police and Community in Chicago: A Tale of Three Cities

Wesley G. Skogan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195154580
eISBN:
9780199944033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154580.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Highly popular with both the public and political leaders, community policing is the most important development in law enforcement in the last twenty-five years. But does it really work? Can police ... More


Introduction: The Need for Early Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this volume, which is about saving children from a life of crime. This book aims to change national policies to focus on early childhood prevention ... More


Revolving Door Justice: Inmate Release and Recidivism

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter presents data on the number of parolees recidivating, as well as on the contribution that parolees make to the overall level of crime in a community. It also identifies the demographic ... More


The Size and Character of the Crime Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter presents a statistical profile of how crime dropped in the 1990s. The aim is to describe the character of the crime decline, and this is done by presenting statistics that illustrate the ... More


The Environment for Optimism: Crime Trends and Attitudes about the Effectiveness of Crime Policies

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is about a second “great divide” in attitudes about government and appropriate crime policy. The focus is not on the well-known ideological battle between left and right about crime ... More


The Usual Suspects: Imprisonment, Demography, and the Economy

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0026
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter covers discussion during and after the 1990s of factors that had long been considered as potential crime prevention—incarceration, demography, and economic expansion. With respect to ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


Which Twin Has the Toni?: Some Statistical Lessons from Canada

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0047
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter identifies parallels between Canadian crime trends in the 1990s and those in the United States. First, it presents detailed records of Canadian crime trends over the period after 1980 ... More


What Happens Next?

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0081
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses a single question: How low can crime rates drop without major changes in the character of American life? It begins with an analysis of crime since the turn of the century. ... More


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