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Epilogue

Charles Patrick Ewing

in Justice Perverted: Sex Offense Law, Psychology, and Public Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199732678
eISBN:
9780199894550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732678.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. Over the past two decades or so, federal, state, and local governments have waged a so-called “war on sex offenders.” Legislators and policymakers have ... More


The Public Image of Miranda and Why It Is Incomplete

Lawrence S. Wrightsman and Mary L. Pitman

in The Miranda Ruling: Its Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730902
eISBN:
9780199776986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730902.003.001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Two recent Supreme Court decisions are examined in depth to illustrate the inconsistencies and other problems in the current application of the Miranda ruling. Conflicting values of due process and ... More


Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Joel A. Dvoskin, Jennifer L. Skeem, Raymond W. Novaco, and Kevin S. Douglas (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This book articulates how social science can be applied to inform improvements in correctional policy and practice across the criminal justice system. The chapters reflect an iterative collaboration ... More


Crime and Incarceration in the United States

Alfred Blumstein

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter describes rates of crime and incarceration levels in the United States. It also provides key factors that have influenced these rates over time (e.g., availability of crack cocaine; ... More


A Short History of Corrections: The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Rehabilitation Through Treatment

Clive R. Hollin

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses the rise and fall of differing penal orientations (punitive; rehabilitative) over time, and how these have been influenced by prevailing theories on causes of crime. It begins ... More


Contextual Influences on Violence

David P. Farrington

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter reviews contextual influences on violence. The most important contextual influences on violence are family factors (poor supervision, harsh discipline, child physical abuse, a violent ... More


Public Attitudes and Punitive Policies

Tom R. Tyler and Lindsay E. Rankin

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses how public attitudes help shape penal policy. It argues that law enforcement and the public have ambivalently embraced an instrumental approach, that is, the threat of or ... More


The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) Model of Correctional Assessment and Treatment

D. A. (Don) Andrews

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model of correctional assessment and treatment in three major sections. The first section outlines principles of effective crime reduction, ... More


Putting Science to Work: How the Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity Apply to Reentry

Susan Turner and Joan Petersilia

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0055
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter focuses on prisoner reentry and/or community supervision on parole. Besides discussing the applicability of Risk-Need-Responsivity principles to the parole context, it also draws ... More


Addressing System Inertia to Effect Change

McGuire James

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0067
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter puts forwards proposals for the reform of criminal justice systems and services and considers how they can be put into effect. Such proposals should first take into account social ... More


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