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The ˋNdrangheta in Piedmont and Veneto

Federico Varese

in Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the 'Ndrangheta, a loose confederation of mafia families, most of which (eighty-six) operate in the province of Reggio Calabria in southern Calabria. This mafia has ... More


Accountability for Terrorist Attacks and for Violations Committed in Counter-Terrorism

Elizabeth Stubbins Bates

in Terrorism and International Law: Accountability, Remedies, and Reform: A Report of the IBA Task Force on Terrorism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199589180
eISBN:
9780191807275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199589180.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on the dual imperative of ensuring individual criminal responsibility for terrorist attacks and for serious violations of international humanitarian law and international ... More


Acting, Trying, and Criminal Liability

R. A. DUFF

in Action and Value in Criminal Law

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258063
eISBN:
9780191681783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258063.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the doctrine that all action consists essentially in trying, and the concept of action and its role in the criminal law. It argues that the actions of one who commits an ... More


Adopting Incitement to Commit War Crimes

Gregory S. Gordon

in Atrocity Speech Law: Foundation, Fragmentation, Fruition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190612689
eISBN:
9780190612719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190612689.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

Chapter 10 proposes a new atrocity speech offense—incitement to commit war crimes. It demonstrates that any imagined ills related to this proposed expansion of speech criminalization in the military ... More


Adult Onset Offending: Perspectives for Future Research

Georgia Zara

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the much neglected criminal career aspect of adult-onset offenders. It stresses that risk factors do not always need to have an immediate and direct effect, that some early ... More


Aftermath

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores the aftermath of the twelve Nuremberg Military Tribunal (NMT) trials. Section 1 recounts the events that preceded John J. McCloy's appointment as High Commission of Germany in ... More


Aftermath: War Criminals Return to Japan

Fred L. Borch

in Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198777168
eISBN:
9780191822964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777168.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Days before Dutch sovereignty ended in the islands on December 27, 1949, those Japanese war criminals still serving prison sentences in the Netherlands East Indies were transferred to Japan, where ... More


Against Prediction: Profiling, Policing, and Punishing in an Actuarial Age

Bernard E. Harcourt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226316130
eISBN:
9780226315997
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226315997.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

From random security checks at airports to the use of risk assessment in sentencing, actuarial methods are being used more than ever to determine whom law enforcement officials target and punish. And ... More


Age and Crime among Latent Classes of Serious Youthful Offenders

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

in Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

One of the foremost controversies in contemporary theoretical criminology concerns how to simultaneously explain the sources of both continuity and change in criminal behaviour over time. The ... More


Anchoring the Penalty Scale

Andrew von Hirsch

in Censure and Sanctions

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262411
eISBN:
9780191682339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262411.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In dealing with anchoring a scale, two main issues arise, which are considered successively in this chapter. The first concerns how the principle of proportionality constrains the scale's magnitude. ... More


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