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How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Penelope Mackie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the essential properties of ordinary individuals such as people, cats, trees, and tables? The question is notoriously difficult, yet must be answered to obtain a satisfying account of the ... More


The Necessity of Origin

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the intuitive appeal of Kripke’s necessity of origin thesis can be explained by seeing the thesis as the consequence of a temporally asymmetrical ‘branching model’ of de re ... More


Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Anthony O'Hear

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theory of evolution may be successful in explaining natural history, but it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and rationality, as embodied in ... More


Consciousness and the World

Brian O'Shaughnessy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a theory of consciousness, one of the most fascinating but puzzling aspects of human existence. It investigates what consciousness is and how it engages, through perception, with ... More


Dignity, Rank, and Rights

Jeremy Waldron

Meir Dan-Cohen (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199915439
eISBN:
9780199980222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915439.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Writers on human dignity roughly divide between those who stress the social origins of this concept and its role in marking rank and hierarchy, and those who follow Kant in grounding dignity in an ... More


The Aims of Enquiry

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter builds on the previous two to offer a more integrated account of the intersections between questions of truth, justification, objectivity, and legitimacy. The origins of philosophy in ... More


Origin Properties and Individual Essences

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Graeme Forbes has argued that many ordinary persisting things (including people, animals, and plants) can be attributed non-trivial individual essences that include distinctive features of their ... More


Why Inflamed Amour‐Propre is So Common

Frederick Neuhouser

in Rousseau's Theodicy of Self-Love: Evil, Rationality, and the Drive for Recognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542673
eISBN:
9780191715402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542673.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers Rousseau's two genealogies of amour-propre one at a time, examining each for whatever help it offers in understanding why the fallen state seems to be humankind's default ... More


Art Essence, Identity and Survival

Nick Zangwill

in Aesthetic Creation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261871
eISBN:
9780191718670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261871.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter considers the view that the survival of a work of art is determined by its aesthetic properties, and compares this with the view that the survival of a work of art is determined by its ... More


Vagueness, Metaphysics, and Objectivity

Stewart Shapiro

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One much discussed issue concerns the metaphysical nature, or the source or cause, of vagueness. Is vagueness a purely linguistic matter, concerned (merely) with how the world gets represented via ... More


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