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Founding Gods, Inventing Nations: Conquest and Culture Myths from Antiquity to Islam

William F. McCants

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151489
eISBN:
9781400840069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151489.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

From the dawn of writing in Sumer to the sunset of the Islamic empire, this book traces four thousand years of speculation on the origins of civilization. Investigating a vast range of primary ... More


Dioscuri

Lowell Edmunds

in Stealing Helen: The Myth of the Abducted Wife in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165127
eISBN:
9781400874224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165127.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Folk Literature

This chapter examines the divine twins, the “Dioscuri,” to which Helen is variously related in the mythology. After reviewing the evidence for the theft of Helen and her rescue by the Dioscuri, the ... More


Autocatalysis in Chemistry and the Origin of Life

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the biochemistry literature on the origins of life where the concept of autocatalysis figures most prominently. There is a lively debate in the scientific ... More


Entering the Precincts of Power

Richard Alba and Nancy Foner

in Strangers No More: Immigration and the Challenges of Integration in North America and Western Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161075
eISBN:
9781400865901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161075.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses the political integration of immigrant groups. Entry into the inner precincts of power is a paramount indicator of the overall inclusion of newcomer groups. Indeed, the ability ... More


From the Outbreak of War in July 1914 to the Genoa Conference, 1922

Volker R. Berghahn

in American Big Business in Britain and Germany: A Comparative History of Two "Special Relationships" in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161099
eISBN:
9781400850297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161099.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the state of American and European economies during the outbreak of World War I until the Genoa Conference was convened in 1922. It first considers the military–political ... More


“The Sciences of the Ancients”: Speculation on the Origins of Philosophy, Medicine, and the Exact Sciences

William F. McCants

in Founding Gods, Inventing Nations: Conquest and Culture Myths from Antiquity to Islam

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151489
eISBN:
9781400840069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151489.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter discusses the attempts to explain the origins of science, philosophy, and medicine. In classical Greece, medicine and philosophy were held to be Greek inventions, whereas the ... More


No Beggar Spirit

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter shows how social workers saw European immigrants as culturally inept but nonetheless imagined them as “objects of reform” and so included them in their early social welfare efforts. ... More


Ex-Jew, Eternal Jew: Early Representations of the Jewish Spinoza

Daniel B. Schwartz

in The First Modern Jew: Spinoza and the History of an Image

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142913
eISBN:
9781400842261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142913.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the “prehistory” of the Jewish rehabilitation of Spinoza, exploring how his Jewish origins figured in fashioning him into a cultural symbol among non-Jews first. It traces his ... More


New Worlds

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter turns to the history of the race concept. It considers the early development of thinking about human diversity and human origins in the context of the Renaissance. In important respects, ... More


A Quick Introduction to Benfordʼs Law

Steven J. Miller

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides a brief overview of Benford's law. It states Benford's law of digit bias and describes its history. The chapter then discusses the origins of Benford's law and gives numerous ... More


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