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Legitimation and History

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter deals with strategies of legitimation that can be used to promote and defend practices. These strategies have a huge role in all scientific disciplines in securing compliance with new ... More


The Sociological Challenge

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers other strategies for the legitimation of methods and beliefs whose prevalence and effectiveness cast doubt on the primacy of calibration against precedents and standards as ... More


Scepticism About Thought Experiments

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents and motivates the issues surrounding thought experiments by assembling the case against their use. It begins by exploring the more specific charge that thought experiment is ... More


Glaucon’s Request for a Persuasive Argument

James L. Kastely

in The Rhetoric of Plato'S Republic: Democracy and the Philosophical Problem of Persuasion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226278629
eISBN:
9780226278766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226278766.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In the key moment of the dialogue, Glaucon accuses Socrates of having achieved not true persuasion but the mere appearance of persuasion, thereby questioning the value of refutation as a resource to ... More


Philosophical Rhetoric

James L. Kastely

in The Rhetoric of Plato'S Republic: Democracy and the Philosophical Problem of Persuasion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226278629
eISBN:
9780226278766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226278766.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To counter the prevalent if misunderstood desire for tyranny, the Republic offers an account of persuasion as the activity central to democracy. The dialogue expands the understanding of what ... More


The Performative Without Condition: A University sans appel

Barbara Cassin

in Sophistical Practice: Toward a Consistent Relativism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256389
eISBN:
9780823261345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256389.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the thoughts of Jacques Derrida and argues for a university without condition—a university without appeal [sans appel]. Without appeal covers without ethics, without ... More


Three Appeals and a Kantian Conclusion

Steven Horst

in Laws, Mind, and Free Will

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015257
eISBN:
9780262295741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015257.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents three replies to the argument that being committed to scientific laws does not entail a commitment to determinism and hence is compatible with free will. First, there are ... More


Modern Issues about Conscientious Objection and Freedoms of Conscience, Religion, and Speech

Richard Sorabji

in Moral Conscience through the Ages: Fifth Century BCE to the Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199685547
eISBN:
9780191765704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685547.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Issues in Chapter 11 include conscientious objection to military conscription. Britain recognised as a ground freedom of conscience, the U.S.A. only of religion. The force of appeal to conscience is ... More


Behaving: Its Nature and Nurture (Part 1)

Kenneth F. Schaffner

in Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195171402
eISBN:
9780190464103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171402.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 1 (and 2) provide a common basis and a vocabulary for appreciating the contours of behavioral and psychiatric genetics. There are three dialogues between a behavioral geneticist and an ... More


Introduction: Rights in the Conversation of Humanity

Margaret Gilbert

in Rights and Demands: A Foundational Inquiry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198813767
eISBN:
9780191851506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813767.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Rights have long played a role in human thought. This can be argued by reference to everyday agreements and the familiar phenomenon of acting together. Those with rights of the kind involved therein ... More


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