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The Progenitors of Gamma-Ray Bursts

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the object or objects responsible for gramma-ray bursts (GRBs). Until now, there are few absolute certainties with regard to the progenitors of GRBs. One clear standout is the ... More


Stellar-Mass Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines stellar-mass black holes. The empirical study of black holes began in the 1960s with the discovery of quasars and the advent of X-ray astronomy. X-ray detectors could detect ... More


What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Joshua S. Bloom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Gamma-ray bursts are the brightest—and, until recently, among the least understood—cosmic events in the universe. Discovered by chance during the Cold War, these evanescent high-energy explosions ... More


Introduction

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter presents the background story on the discovery and research on gamma-ray bursts (GRB). In 1963, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. President John F. Kennedy agreed to ... More


Gamma-Ray Bursts as Probes of the Universe

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on how gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are emerging as unique tools in the study of broad areas of astronomy and physics by virtue of their special properties. The unassailable fact ... More


Into the Belly of the Beast

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the definition, emission, and central engine of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Before the afterglow era, GRBs were essentially defined by observations of their high-energy emission. ... More


Afterglows

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the search for afterglows of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In 1996, Peter Mészáros (Pennsylvania State University) and Martin J. Rees (Cambridge University) began developing a ... More


The Events in Context

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Prompt and afterglow emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are largely driven by the central engine behavior, the explosion properties, and the physics of relativistic shocks. Those seconds, minutes, ... More


Fundamentals of Synchrotron Radiation Emission

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter derives the general solution for the electric and magnetic fields emitted by an accelerated relativistic charged particle using Maxwell’s equations as the starting point. This general ... More


Particles and Light Motion in Schwarzschild Spacetime

Valeri P. Frolov and Andrei Zelnikov

in Introduction to Black Hole Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199692293
eISBN:
9780191731860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692293.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This Chapter studies particle and light motion near the Schwarzschild black hole. We focus mainly on those aspects of the motion that are specific for the black holes and that are of the most ... More


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