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Probability Learning in 1000 Trials

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a probability learning experiment in which each of 120 Ss made a sequence of 1,000 predictions about which two mutually exclusive events occur. After each prediction, one of the ... More


Specialized Inference Engines as Precursors of Creative Imagination?

PASCAL BOYER

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The human imagination is often thought of as creativity and originality. It is often considered in terms of its high-end, creative products such as religion, arts, and literature. However, the human ... More


When Simple Is Hard to Accept

Robin M. Hogarth

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter addresses implications of the application of simple heuristics. In general, people find it hard to accept that simple decision rules can be used to resolve seemingly complex problems. As ... More


How anticipation recruits our motor system: the habitual pragmatic event map revisited

Ricarda I. Schubotz, Claudia Kalinich, and D. Yves von Cramon

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter investigates the existence of systematic correspondence between premotor areas and stimulus modality using the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRi) technique. The results ... More


Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Moshe Bar (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

When one is immersed in the fascinating world of neuroscience findings, the brain might start to seem like a collection of “modules,” each specializes in a specific mental feat. But just like in ... More


The Proactive Brain

Moshe Bar

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes that the human brain is proactive in that it continuously generates predictions that anticipate the relevant future. In this proposal, analogies are derived from elementary ... More


Imagining Predictions: Mental Imagery as Mental Emulation

Samuel T. Moulton and Stephen M. Kosslyn

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0040
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

For cognitive scientists, the term mental imagery typically first brings to mind either the protracted debate over the nature of the representations used in imagery or the role of imagery as a ... More


See It with Feeling: Affective Predictions during Object Perception

Lisa Feldman Barrett and Moshe Bar

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores the hypothesis that the brain routinely makes affective predictions during visual recognition. It suggests that the brain's prediction about the meaning of visual sensations of ... More


Envisioning the Future and Self-Regulation

Shelley E. Taylor

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews research on mental simulations. Mental simulations can help people manage potential problems and reach goals that might otherwise be more difficult. Such activities as health ... More


Prediction: A Construal-Level Theory Perspective

Nira Liberman, Yaacov Trope, and SoYon Rim

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0053
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter argues that abstraction has evolved in the service of prediction. Construal-level theory (CLT) is used to examine how people bridge the past and the future by means of abstraction, or, ... More


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