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Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

William L. Harper

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines Newton’s argument for universal gravity and his application of it to resolve the problem of deciding between geocentric and heliocentric world systems by measuring masses of the ... More


The Politics of Rational Choice

John McCumber

in The Philosophy Scare: The Politics of Reason in the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226396385
eISBN:
9780226396415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226396415.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter traces the rise of rational choice theory and discusses some of its philosophical implications. First formulated by Kenneth Arrow in 1951 as a theory of market and voting behavior, ... More


Intuitions and Assumptions in the Debate over Laws of Nature

Walter Ott and Lydia Patton

in Laws of Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198746775
eISBN:
9780191809057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746775.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, History of Philosophy

This chapter sifts through some of the most important intuitions and assumptions that have guided the debate over laws of nature since the concept’s invention in the seventeenth century. Competing ... More


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