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Prediction and Risk/Needs Assessments

Robert D. Hoge, Gina Vincent, and Laura Guy

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The focus of the chapter is on available knowledge regarding the prediction of early adult offending from information available during the early juvenile years. Standardized screening and assessment ... More


Behavioural Biology and Obesity

Trenton G. Smith

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

While conventional wisdom holds that excessive body weight is the product of some combination of a high-calorie diet and a sedentary lifestyle, public health measures aimed at these factors have been ... More


The History of the Obesity Epidemic in Denmark

Thorkild I. A. Sørensen, Benjamin Rokholm, and Teresa A. Ajslev

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The prevailing interpretation of the global epidemic of obesity is that it is a consequence of changes in societies toward more so-called obesogenic environments, changes which involve the emergence ... More


Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

After decades of rigorous study in the United States and across the Western world, a great deal is known about the early risk factors for offending. High impulsiveness, low attainment, criminal ... More


Coming Up Short: Working-Class Adulthood in an Age of Uncertainty

Jennifer M. Silva

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199931460
eISBN:
9780199345748
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931460.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Traditional markers of adulthood have become increasingly delayed, disorderly, reversible, or even forgone in the latter half of the twentieth century. This book draws upon 100 interviews with ... More


Of Demography and Drugs:: Testing Two 1990s Theories of Crime Causation

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the two predominant theories of crime risk in the 1990s: the expansion of high-risk youth and the high rates of drug sales and use. These pessimistic indicators did not change ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


Introduction: The Need for Early Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this volume, which is about saving children from a life of crime. This book aims to change national policies to focus on early childhood prevention ... More


Understanding Risk and Protective Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides definitions of risk factors and protective factors against delinquency and later offending and discusses some key issues arising in risk factor research, particularly regarding ... More


Understanding risk-focused prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the classification of prevention programs for offending, focusing on the so-called risk-focused prevention. It explains that risk-focused prevention is the leading conceptual, ... More


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