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Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Peter Politser

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

As technology has opened new windows into the brain, it has revealed a great deal about what happens there when people make decisions about money. These revelations have given rise to a new field, ... More


 Risk of Hypertensive Heart Disease: The Joint Influence of Genetic and Behavioral Factors

Kathleen C. Light, Susan S. Girdler, and Alan L. Hinderliter

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes an interdisciplinary research program that studied individual and group differences in the risk for hypertension and heart disease. The differences studied include ones ... More


Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Peter Sedlmeier and Tilmann Betsch (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

From childhood, each of us develops our own personal set of theories and beliefs about the world in which we live. Given the impossibility of knowing about every event that can ever take place, we ... More


Designing Risk Communication in Health

Stephanie Kurzenhäuser and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0130
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter explores how the representation of statistical information affects the understanding of risks and uncertainties in medical contexts. Using mammography screening as a prime example, it is ... More


COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, DEVELOPMENT, AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: INTEGRATING PERSPECTIVE ON TYPICAL AND ATYPICAL TRAJECTORIES OF ATTENTION

James T. Enns and Jacob A. Burack

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

How do scientists of human behavior from three different perspectives approach the comparison of two highly publicized athletes of the 2008 Olympics: Shaun Johnson, a female American gymnast who is 5 ... More


Breast Cancer Screening Pamphlets Mislead Women

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter sets out four ways that misinformation is communicated to women invited to breast cancer screening. These are as follows: tell women what to do without stating the benefits, report ... More


The instability of value

Nick Chater and Ivo Vlaev

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Rational theories of decision making under risk typically assume that outcomes can be associated, either directly or implicitly, with utilities; and that decision makers choose options which exhibit ... More


Why Do Single-Event Probabilities Confuse Patients?

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Unclear presentation of medical statistics such as the risks associated with a particular intervention can lead to patients making poor decisions about treatment. Particularly confusing are ... More


Type A Behavior Pattern: Facial Behavior and Speech Components

Margaret A. Chesney, Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, George W. Black, and Michael H. L. Hecker

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter evaluates whether there are facial behaviors characteristic of the Type A behavior pattern. The Glare facial score significantly correlated with hostility and competitiveness. The ... More


Novice Driver Crashes: Failure to Divide Attention or Failure to Recognize Risks

Donald L. Fisher and Alexander Pollatsek

in Attention: From Theory to Practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305722
eISBN:
9780199847723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles among sixteen-year-old novice drivers is almost eight times higher than it is among the safest cohort of drivers, those with their driver's license for ... More


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