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Wickedness and Vices

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter rejects the notion of absolute evil and argues that even Satanic wickedness cannot be understood as unqualified opposition to all goods. Badness of character is found in the way one ... More


The Big Picture

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 12, I consider what my approach to free will suggests about our universe and ourselves, contending that our universe is not one of ‘blind pitiless indifference,’ as Richard Dawkins would ... More


Evil Nature, Good Will

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The “radical evil” of human nature is, in Kant's view, our enduring predisposition to deviate from the moral law. It comes in three degrees: frailty (moral weakness), impurity, and depravity ... More


Responsibility and the Limits of Evil: Variations on a Strawsonian Theme

Gary Watson

in Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Strawson attempts to defuse the debate about determinism, understanding our moral practices, in which we demand good will and respect from one another, as constitutive of the conditions for moral ... More


Moral Progress

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Friedrich Nietzsche is sometimes called a moral nihilist, and not without warrant. He wanted to undermine Christian morality, but he did not want to eliminate morality altogether. He wanted to ... More


Hegel's India: A Reinterpretation, with Texts

Aakash Singh Rathore and Rimina Mohapatra

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199468270
eISBN:
9780199087464
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468270.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In his writings on India, Hegel characterized Indian thought as “fantastic,” “subjective,” “wild,” “dreamy,” “frenzied,” “absurd,” and “repetitive.” If Indian art, religion, and philosophy were so ... More


The Fourth Meditation Theodicy

C. P. Ragland

in The Will to Reason: Theodicy and Freedom in Descartes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190264451
eISBN:
9780190264475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264451.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the Fourth Meditation, human error seems to entail that—directly contrary to the results of the Third Meditation—our creator cannot be all-perfect and non-deceiving. This “problem of error” (a ... More


Doing Good and Doing Evil

Philip Pettit

in The Robust Demands of the Good: Ethics with Attachment, Virtue, and Respect

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198732600
eISBN:
9780191796821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732600.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If doing good often means acting out of beneficent dispositions, does doing evil often mean acting out of maleficent dispositions? No, it does not: it is only extreme, even demonic evil that requires ... More


Nietzsche

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the normative beliefs of Friedrich Nietzsche. Although we nearly all believe in the double badness of suffering, that does not answer the Argument from Disagreement, since ... More


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