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Evolution of the 407 Process

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Fourteen 407 panels have been convened in the more than two decades since passage of Subpart D. The first two were in the early 1990s, and the remainder since 2001. This chapter provides a brief ... More


Multi‐system Moral Psychology

Fiery Cushman, Liane Young, and Joshua D. Greene

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues for a synthesis of two recent projects in moral psychology. One has proposed a division between “emotional” versus “cognitive” moral judgments, while another has proposed a ... More


Philosophy, Animality and the Life Sciences

Wahida Khandker

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748676774
eISBN:
9781474406468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748676774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In line with ‘Continental’ approaches to critical animal studies, this book aims to uncover the philosophical and historical progression of concepts of animal and organic life, in order to understand ... More


Introduction

Linda Zagzebski and Michael DePaul (eds)

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is high time for both ethicists and epistemologists to directly engage with each other. By bringing together each discipline's knowledge and perspective, relative to understanding the nature of ... More


Intellectual Motivation and the Good of Truth

Linda Zagzebski

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the problem of what makes knowledge more valuable than mere true belief. Otherwise known as the value problem, it distinguishes four ways a belief can possess value by ... More


Are Humans Moral? The Problem of Sociobiology

Rosemary Rodd

in Biology, Ethics, and Animals

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240525
eISBN:
9780191680199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240525.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

‘Sociobiology’ was introduced by Wilson to denote the scientific study of ways in which the social behaviour of animals and humans is shaped by biological processes. Sociobiological literatures use ... More


The Justification of Verdictive Beliefs

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Develops a version of reliabilism about moral knowledge, in an effort to explain how we can have knowledge of all‐things‐considered moral verdicts. Considers a number of objections to reliabilism, ... More


The Establishment of Ethical First Principles

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick discusses the dilemma confronting the ethical theorist whose first principles, as first principles, do not require a proof, and yet are rarely accepted without a defence. The solution lies ... More


Law and Morality

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, first published in The Elements of Politics, Sidgwick outlines his conception of positive morality, that is, the commonsense morality generally accepted within a society. He then ... More


Unreasonable Action

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Here Sidgwick examines the nature of unreasonable action, that is, action (or inaction) that is contrary to reason or the subjective practical judgment of the agent. He undertakes his discussion from ... More


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