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Conservation biology: past and present 1

Curt Meine

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Curt Meine introduces the discipline by tracing its history. He also highlights the inter‐disciplinary nature of conservation science. Conservation biology emerged in the mid‐1980s ... More


Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Franck Courchamp, Ludek Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Allee effects are broadly defined as a decline in individual fitness at low population size or density, that can result in critical population thresholds below which populations crash to extinction. ... More


Conclusion

Frederick Rowe Davis

in The Man Who Saved Sea Turtles: Archie Carr and the Origins of Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195310771
eISBN:
9780199790098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310771.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Carr's career demonstrated that the naturalist tradition transformed into related disciplines of ecology and conservation over the course of the 20th century. Carr's life exhibits many dimensions of ... More


Ecological and Intellectual Baselines: Saving Lions, Tigers, and Rhinos in Asia

John Seidensticker

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter begins by stating that one of the great problems in conservation biology is so-called ecological amnesia, the disappearance in the public mind of what environments were like even a few ... More


Orangutan population biology, life history, and conservation: Perspectives from population viability analysis models

Andrew J. Marshall, Robert Lacy, Marc Ancrenaz, Onnie Byers, Simon J. Husson, Mark Leighton, Erik Meijaard, Norm Rosen, Ian Singleton, Suzette Stephens, Kathy Traylor-Holzer, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Carel P. van Schaik, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutan populations are particularly susceptible to local extinction due to hunting, habitat loss, and fragmentation because they live at low population densities, grow slowly, and reproduce ... More


The Future of Agricultural Pollination

Rosalind R. James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter summarizes how agricultural production and bees are inter-dependent. Honey bees are the most commonly used agricultural pollinators in the world, but are threatened by an increasing ... More


Size Matters: Toward Understanding the Natural History of Genomes

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Genome size varies widely among different organisms, and is not very closely correlated with complexity of the organism. In species with large genomes, most of the DNA does not code for genes. This ... More


Captive for Life

Irus Braverman

in The Ethics of Captivity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199977994
eISBN:
9780199375172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977994.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Drawing on ethnographic research of leading conservation biologists, this chapter describes the erosion of the distinctions between species management in captivity and its conservation in wild ... More


Applied aspects of host manipulation by parasites

Robert Poulin and Edward P. Levri

in Host Manipulation by Parasites

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642236
eISBN:
9780191774621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642236.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the potential impact of manipulative parasites on several areas of conservation, economic, or medical relevance. These include facilitation of biological invasions, as seen when ... More


Community dynamics

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Most of conservation biology deals with one species at a time. However, increasing attention is being devoted to the conservation and restoration of landscapes, communities and ecosystems, and how ... More


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