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How General Are Neural Codes in Sensory Systems?

David McAlpine and Alan R. Palmer

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that careful attention to the frequency range over which interaural time difference (ITD) -processing is carried out has important consequences both for the form of the sensory ... More


Computational Models of the Spatial and Mnemonic Functions of the Hippocampus

Burgess Neil

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The use of computational models has been invaluable for exploring the link between neurons and behavior, enabling hypothetical mechanisms to be defined precisely and examined quantitatively. This ... More


Physiology of Executive Functions: The Perception-Action Cycle

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the executive functions of the prefrontal cortex against the background of its position in the neocortical map of cognitive representations. It attempts to place prefrontal ... More


Memory

Yadin Dudai, Morris Moscovitch, Daniel L. Schacter, and Richard G. M. Morris

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concept of memory. The first argues that memory illustrates how a concept—itself a mental construct—can guide research by pointing toward the importance of ... More


Disorders of the Self in Dementia

WILLIAM W. SEELEY and BRUCE L. MILLER

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The self is experienced as a unified whole, yet self-representation by the brain requires an interconnected hierarchy of parts that can be selectively dismantled by neurological disease. This idea is ... More


Meditation and the Self

HANS C. LOU and TROELS W. KJAER

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter introduces the study of meditation as a vehicle for discovering the neural correlates of the self. It begins with a thorough introduction to experiments designed to isolate the neural ... More


Coding principles

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Information is encoded by sparse distributed place coded graded firing rate representations, with almost independent information conveyed by each neuron, up to reasonable numbers of neurons. Place ... More


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