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Neurocomputational Perspectives Linking Neuromodulation, Processing Noise, Representational Distinctiveness, and Cognitive Aging

Shu-Chen Li

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter begins with a brief overview of how to conceptualize “representation”in the context of cognitive neuroscience of aging or life span development. It then reviews recent computational ... More


The Evolution of Memory Systems

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Clinical observations and animal experiments have shaped the prevailing view of human memory. This doctrine holds that the “medial temporal lobe” subserves one memory system for explicit or ... More


Conclusions, and broader issues

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The book provides a synthesis of emotion, motivation, neuroeconomics and value representations, and decision-making, with particular attention to the underlying brain mechanisms, to the emotional vs ... More


Pattern association memory

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the fundamental operation involved in pattern association memory. It provides a diagram showing the essential elements necessary for pattern association, forming what could be ... More


Pattern association in the brain: amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the location of pattern association neural networks in the brain, their role in the systems-level operation of the brain, and evidence on how they actually operate in the brain. ... More


Consolidating Memory

Don M. Tucker and Phan Luu

in Cognition and Neural Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199838523
eISBN:
9780199985654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838523.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the structure of human cerebral networks with the modern insight that the structure of mind can be read from connectional anatomy. At the same time, it searches for the dynamic ... More


Proprioception and body schema

Minoru Asada

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

Proprioception is our ability to sense the position of our own limbs and other body parts in space, and body schema is a body representation that allows both biological and artificial agents to ... More


Reconstructing memory’s past

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter summarizes our main conclusions: (1) humans have several memory systems, each of which evolved as an ancestor adapted to a new way of life; (2) all cortical areas contribute to memory, ... More


V1 and information coding

Li Zhaoping

in Understanding Vision: Theory, Models, and Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199564668
eISBN:
9780191772504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564668.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the difficulties in understanding the primary visual cortex (V1) by the role of efficient encoding of visual information. It shows that the redundancy in visual input is mainly ... More


Embedding Dynamic Field Theory in Neurophysiology

Sebastian Schneegans, Jonas Lins, and Gregor Schöner

in Dynamic Thinking: A Primer on Dynamic Field Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199300563
eISBN:
9780190299026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300563.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The biological basis for dynamic fields (DF) lies in the activity patterns of neural populations in the brain. Populations of neurons with different tuning curves can represent metric values for ... More


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